Band 9 Essays: Advantages and Disadvantages – International Travel

 

international-travel-5

International travel is extremely popular these days. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this trend? Include your opinion and examples from your own experience.

SIMPLE ANSWER

In recent times, there has been strong growth in international travel. Although this trend brings many advantages it also has some negative effects that need to be considered.

One of the biggest advantages of international travel is it makes the world a safer place. People can experience and, more importantly, understand different cultures, which helps to reduce the chance of conflict between countries.

Another benefit is that international travel is good for economic growth. People can do business in different countries much more easily than in the past because travel times are now much shorter.

On the other hand, international travel can cause some security problems. It is difficult to keep track of everyone, and this may make it easier to carry out a terrorist attack. This also means security at airports needs to be stronger, which can lead to lengthy delays.

A clash of cultures is also another major disadvantage. Sometimes, cultural differences are so large that it can cause problems rather than understanding. For example, my friend visited a place where the local were eating dog, it was so shocking to her that it gave her a negative attitude towards the people in that country.

Generally speaking, the popularity of international travel is a positive thing. Although, it can lead to some negative outcomes, these problems can be solved through more travel rather than less.

international-travel-6

COMMENTS –

  1. Practice a template (essay outline) that you can use for ANY topic. In this example, phrases like –

“One of the biggest advantages of [topic] is…” “Another benefit is…” “On the other hand…” “[Idea] is another major disadvantage.”

– can be used for any advantages vs. disadvantages essay.

2. You can also use some standard sentences for an advantages vs. disadvantages essay. For example, the second sentence of the introduction (“Although this trend brings many advantages it also has some negative effects that need to be considered.”) can be used for many topics.

3. If the essay prompt asks you, don’t forget to include a personal example. If you have never travelled overseas, just make something up!

4. Give your opinion in the conclusion. Try to pick a side (say whether the topic is a “good thing” or a “bad thing”) and balance it with the other side.

IELTS Accelerate

Idioms and topic words for IELTS speaking and writing

Band 9 Essays: Mixed Task – International Travel

 

Band 9 Essays: Discuss – Video Games

computer-games-3

Some people say that young people learn useful skills by playing electronic and computer games. Others say that young people who play electronic and computer games are wasting their time. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

6-PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE

  1. Introduction
  2. Useful skill 1
  3. Useful skill 2
  4. Waste of time 1
  5. Waste of time 2
  6. Conclusion/Opinion

INTRODUCTION

TOPIC – Some people say that young people learn useful skills by playing electronic and computer games. Others say that young people who play electronic and computer games are wasting their time.

PARAPHRASE – “Given that computers and information technology are a crucial part of the modern world, it makes sense that children can acquire some valuable skills from playing electronic games. However, simply using technology to play games is not necessarily a productive use of time.”

NOTE – Now the reader knows that you will discuss both sides of the argument (“learn skills” vs. “a waste of time”)

computer-games

BODY

[Skill 1] “One of the main benefits for young people playing computer games is that is can enhance their hand-eye coordination and spatial awareness (How?). In a video game, the player often has to move the character around to avoid enemies and obstacles and this develops a child’s ability to use their hands, eyes, and also grow their strategic skills.”

[Skill 2] “Moreover, many computer games can have an educational component. This means that a game can be fun but still teach the child something useful (Example?). For example, instead of learning arithmetic from a textbook, primary school children can learn to count with a shooting game where they increase their score by “shooting” the correct answer. This makes education more interactive and exciting for young learners.”

[Waste of time 1] “However, it must be admitted that educational games are not the first choice of children. Normally, they want to play something that is more action-packed or something they can play online with their friends. Explosions and violence are more attractive than playing maths games, and children will be drawn to them rather than their studies.”

[Waste of time 2] “Furthermore, computer games require very little physical activity. A lack of exercise among young people is leading to an increase in childhood obesity and related diseases. Sitting insides all day, also hinders a child’s ability to build their social skills and become confident in the real world.

NOTE – You can write the body as TWO paragraphs (one “for” and one “against”). Just remember to LINK your ideas.

CONCLUSION

“Overall, playing computer games can help a child to gain some useful life skills and knowledge. Nevertheless, this is not guaranteed. Playing electronic games in moderation is fine, but life skills must be learned from all areas of life.”

computer-games-2

FULL ANSWER

Given that computers and information technology are a crucial part of the modern world, it makes sense that children can acquire some valuable skills from playing electronic games. However, simply using technology to play games is not necessarily a productive use of time.

One of the main benefits for young people playing computer games is that is can enhance their hand-eye coordination and spatial awareness (How?). In a video game, the player often has to move the character around to avoid enemies and obstacles and this develops a child’s ability to use their hands, eyes, and also grow their strategic skills.”

Moreover, many computer games can have an educational component, which means that a game can be fun but still teach the child something useful (Example?). For example, instead of learning arithmetic from a textbook, primary school children can learn to count with a shooting game where they increase their score by “shooting” the correct answer. This makes education more interactive and exciting for young learners.

On the other hand, it must be admitted that educational games are not the first choice of children. Normally, they want to play something that is more action-packed or something they can play online with their friends. Explosions and violence are more attractive than playing maths games, and children will be drawn to them rather than their studies.

Furthermore, computer games require very little physical activity. A lack of exercise among young people is leading to an increase in childhood obesity and related diseases. Sitting insides all day, also hinders a child’s ability to build their social skills and become confident in the real world.

Overall, playing computer games can help a child to gain some useful life skills and knowledge. Nevertheless, this is not guaranteed. Playing electronic games in moderation is fine, but life skills must be learned from all areas of life. (307 words)

SENTENCE-BY-SENTENCE

  1. INTRODUCTION

s1 – Topic + positive

s2 – Contrast (“however…”) + negative

2. BODY 1

s1 – Main idea (Useful skill 1)

s2 – Answers the question “How is this useful for a child’s skills?

3. BODY 2

S1 – Main idea (Useful skill 2) + Linking (“Moreover…”)

S2 – Clear example of an educational game

s3 – Show how games can help skills (learning things)

4. BODY 3

S1 – Link from “positive” side (“On the other hand…”)

S2 – Explain the kinds of (non-useful) games children like

S3 – Explain how these types can harm skill development

5. BODY 4

S1 – Linking (“Furthermore..”) + clear main idea

S2 – Explain how this can lead to a “waste of time” or even harm.

S3 – Add further details to support the negative effects on skill development.

6. CONCLUSION

S1 – Give your opinion

S2 – Provide some balance

S3 – Strong final sentence that sums up your view

IELTS Accelerate

More IELTS writing and speaking vocabulary. Study IELTS in Hanoi today.

Band 9 Essays: Discuss Both Sides – Getting a University Degree (or NOT)

Band 9 Essays: Mixed Task – International Travel

There are more and more people than ever travelling to other countries. What does that cause? Does this have a positive or negative effect?

 

IMPORTANT!!!

In Task 2 writing, it is essential that you answer the whole question. In this example, you must write about the effects of more people travelling to other countries (“What does this cause?” and also give your opinion on whether more international travel has a positive or negative effect.

4-PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE

  1. Introduction
  2. Result 1 of more travel (good, bad, or both)
  3. Result 2 or more travel (good, bad, or both)
  4. Conclusion (is more international travel a positive or negative thing overall based on points from the body paragraphs)

international-travel-3

 

There are more and more people than ever travelling to other countries. What does that cause? Does this have a positive or negative effect?

INTRODUCTION

“more and more” –> “an increasing number” “a greater number”

“people” –> “individuals”

“travelling to” –> “venturing to”

“effect” –> “consequence” “result” “outcome”

“positive” –> “beneficial”

“negative” –> “harmful”

SAMPLE – “With the ease of modern air travel, an increasing number of individuals are venturing to new countries all across the globe.

NOTE – Now you have to tell the reader that you are going to write about some of the consequences of this and then say whether it has a positive or a negative effect.

SAMPLE – “The consequences of this trend must be considered before it can be concluded whether it is beneficial or harmful.”

international-travel

BODY

Your body can have 2 paragraphs with each one having a consequence (good or bad) or more international travel. Then your conclusion can say whether more international travel has a positive or negative effect overall.

SAMPLE – “One desirable result of international travel is that it fosters understanding between different cultures (How?) When people are only exposed to their own culture they can be suspicious or even hostile to other worldviews. However, by travelling to other countries, people can open their minds to different ways of living and realize that people are mostly the same everywhere and any differences are typically minor.

“Of course, there can be stark contrasts in culture which can lead to conflict when they come into contact (Like what?) For example, in many Western countries people form a queue when they are waiting for something, but in other countries people push their way to the front of the line. (Bad result?) This kind of behaviour can lead people to believe that people from some places are rude or uncivilised or think that they are more important than others. (Big problems?) Furthermore, it is true that some aspects of a culture are incompatible with other cultures. Keeping dogs and beloved pets versus eating them is a prime example of this.

 

CONCLUSION

Decide whether more international travel has overall positive or negative effects (or say it has positive and negative effects)

SAMPLE – “On the whole, the continued growth of international travel is a mostly positive phenomenon (Why?) By opening up the world, international travel helps to reduce national barriers and build a more peaceful world. (Mostly?) However, people must be respectful of other cultures and make an effort to be respectful when they travel to a foreign place.”

international-travel-2

FULL ESSAY

With the ease of modern air travel, an increasing number of individuals are venturing to new countries all across the globe. The consequences of this trend must be considered before it can be concluded whether it is beneficial or harmful.”

One desirable result of international travel is that it fosters understanding between different cultures. When people are only exposed to their own culture they can be suspicious or even hostile to other worldviews. However, by travelling to other countries, people can open their minds to different ways of living and realize that people are mostly the same everywhere and any differences are typically minor.

“Of course, there can be stark contrasts in culture which can lead to conflict when they come into contact. For example, in many Western countries people form a queue when they are waiting for something, but in other countries people push their way to the front of the line. This kind of behaviour can lead people to believe that people from some places are rude or uncivilised or think that they are more important than others. Furthermore, it is true that some aspects of a culture are incompatible with other cultures. Keeping dogs and beloved pets versus eating them is a prime example of this.

On the whole, the continued growth of international travel is a mostly positive phenomenon. By opening up the world, international travel helps to reduce national barriers and build a more peaceful world. However, people must be respectful of other cultures and make an effort to fit in when they travel to a foreign place. (280 words)

IELTS Accelerate

More vocabulary and samples for IELTS speaking and writing. Study IELTS in Hanoi

 

Band 9 Reports: Process – Making Concrete

The diagram below shows the stages in cement-making process, and how cement is used to produce concrete for building purposes.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 102

INTRODUCTION

Paraphrase – “The diagram below shows the stages in cement-making process, and how cement is used to produce concrete for building purposes.”

“shows” –> illustrates

“stages” –> steps involved in

“cement-making process” –> cement production

“produce” –> “manufacture”

“building purposes” –> construction purposes

SAMPLE – “The diagram illustrates the steps involved in cement production, and how cement is used to manufacture concrete for construction purposes.”

OVERVIEW

In this diagram, there are two clear processes. One is for making cement, and the other is for making concrete. Therefore, it is best to divide your body into TWO paragraphs with an overview for each

MAKING CEMENT – “[Overview sentence] The raw ingredients of cement are limestone and clay, which undergo several process in order to make cement. First, the limestone and clay is crushed into a powder and then put through a mixer. Next, the limestone-clay powder is sent through a rotating heater which turns the powder as it is heated. Finally, the powder is ground even finer and then poured into large bags to be sold.”

MAKING CONCRETE – “[Overview sentence] In order to produce concrete, cement and some other materials are combined in specific proportions inside a large machine called a concrete mixer. Half of the mixture is gravel, while a quarter is sand, and 15% is cement. The remaining 10% is water to help bind everything together. The mixer churns the concrete until it has an even consistency and can then be used for various kinds of construction.

COMMENTS –

  1. Remember to link each stage with different vocabulary
  2. If you don’t know a word, just ask yourself, is the thing “put in” or “sent through” or “mixed with” then add in the unknown word using passive voice. For example, if you don’t know what “limestone” or “clay” is, you can just write “Limestone and clay and put through a crusher which breaks them down into smaller pieces”
  3. Add the reason for each stage if you can. For example, the “mixer”must be to combine the crushed clay and limestone.
  4. If you can, try to add some advanced vocabulary like “churns” and “even consistency”

Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 102

FULL ANSWER

The diagram illustrates the steps involved in cement production, and how cement is used to manufacture concrete for construction purposes.

The raw ingredients of cement are limestone and clay, which undergo several process in order to make cement. First, the limestone and clay is crushed into a powder and then put through a mixer. Next, the limestone-clay powder is sent through a rotating heater which turns the powder as it is heated. Finally, the powder is ground even finer and then poured into large bags to be sold

In order to produce concrete, cement and some other materials are combined in specific proportions inside a large machine called a concrete mixer. Half of the mixture is gravel, while a quarter is sand, and 15% is cement. The remaining 10% is water to help bind everything together. The mixer churns the concrete until it is totally mixed and can then be used for various kinds of construction. (160 words)

IELTS Accelerate

Band 9 Reports: Processes – Making Tea

More IELTS Vocabulary. Study IELTS in HANOI

 

 

Band 9 Reports: Processes – Making Tea

The diagram below shows the process of making five types of tea.

Summarize the information by reporting the main features and making comparisons where relevant. You should write at least 150 words.

process-tea

REMEMBER TO:

  1. Link each stage in the process
  2. Use a range of linking vocabulary. No repetition if you can.
  3. Mention which stages are similar and which are different i.e. make comparisons!
  4. A process is about something happening to something. Therefore, use the simple passive tense e.g. “The bread is baked” not the “The bread bakes” or “The baker bakes the bread.

 

process-tea

STRUCTURE

  1. INTRODUCTION

Paraphrase the title you are given.

“The diagram below shows the process of making five types of tea.”

“Shows” could be “outlines”

“Process” could be “steps involved in”

“Making” could be “the production of”

“Types” could be “varieties”

SAMPLE – “The diagram outlines the steps involved in the production of five varieties of tea.”

2. OVERVIEW

Try to say something about the process overall. In this example, the tea leaf is the same but differences in the production process lead to the different types.

SAMPLE – “Although all five kinds of tea are derived from the same variety of tea leaf, the leaves undergo different methods to ultimately create the diversity of teas.”

3. BODY

Link each stage and make comparisons. Linking words and phrases are in bold.

SAMPLE – “After the tea leaves have grown, they are plucked from the plants and then withered to reduce moisture content. Leaves to produce white tea are then simply dried in an oven before they are ready for use.”

*Note* Now one tea has been completely talked about, so there are four left. This should make it clearer to write about. Remember that organising your answer in a clear way is key.
*Note 2* “withered” means “dried up” so you can include the point about “moisture content”. However, you don’t need to know this. Just use the information in the diagram in passive voice

In fact, the oven drying stage is the same for all of the types, but there are differences in the steps in between. Leaves for green tea are steamed and subsequently rolled before drying, while oolong and large-leaf black tea is only rolled.

The two remaining tea varieties differ in that they are put through a fermentation process. Leaves that will become oolong tea are partially fermented following being rolled, while large-leaf black tea, in contrast, is fully fermented. Finally, leaves destined to be small-leaf black tea are crushed before fermentation instead of being rolled which creates the small-leaf appearance.

FULL ANSWER

process-tea

The diagram outlines the steps involved in the production of five varieties of tea. Although all five kinds of tea are derived from the same variety of tea leaf, the leaves undergo different methods to ultimately create the diversity of teas.

After the tea leaves have grown, they are plucked from the plants and then withered to reduce moisture content. Leaves to produce white tea are then simply dried in an oven before they are ready for use.

In fact, the oven drying stage is the same for all of the types, but there are differences in the steps in between. Leaves for green tea are steamed and subsequently rolled before drying, while oolong and large-leaf black tea is only rolled.

The two remaining tea varieties differ in that they are put through a fermentation process. Leaves that will become oolong tea are partially fermented following being rolled, while large-leaf black tea, in contrast, is fully fermented. Finally, leaves destined to be small-leaf black tea, instead of being rolled, are crushed before fermentation,  which creates the small-leaf appearance. (180 words)

Band 9 Essays: Opinion – Globalization

As mass communication continues to grow, the world is becoming more globalized. Some people believe that this will inevitably lead to the total loss of cultural identity. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

FOUR-Paragraph Structure

  1. Introduction
    1. Paraphrase the topic
    2. State your opinion (“to what extent”)
  2. Body Paragraph 1
    1. Main supporting idea 1
    2. Explain
    3. Specific example or further explanation
  3. Body Paragraph 2
    1. Main supporting idea 2 (link from BP1)
    2. Explain
    3. Specific example or further analysis (remember to include at least one example per essay)
  4. Conclusion
    1. Summarize your opinion and the reasons
    2. Memorable final statement supporting your view

globalisation

As mass communication continues to grow, the world is becoming more globalized. Some people believe that this will inevitably lead to the total loss of cultural identity. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

SYNONYMS

Mass communication = the ability to instantly communicate

Globalized = globalisation; the phenomenon of globalisation; inter-connected

Inevitably = unavoidably; will certainly become; is undoubtedly going to happen

Loss of cultural identity = cultural destruction; irreversibly damage culture

 

THINKING OF IDEAS

Two body paragraphs = two supporting ideas. In this example, the supporting ideas are:

(1) people enjoy things from different cultures (and globalisation makes it easier to access these things)

(2) Different cultures influence the global culture rather than being destroyed by it.

Remember that your job is to answer the reader’s questions. E.g. “What do people enjoy about different cultures?” “How globalisation help to make cultures stronger?” “How do different cultures influence global trends?” etc.

globalisation-1

 

 

SENTENCE-BY SENTENCE

  1. INTRODUCTION

Introduction

  1. Paraphrase the topic

“The ability to instantly communicate on a global scale has led to the phenomenon of globalisation where the world is becoming more inter-connected.”

  1. State your opinion (“to what extent”)

“While it is often claimed that this will unavoidably lead to the destruction of some cultures, I believe that this is not entirely true.”

NOTE – The writer’s opinion is “disagree” BUT not “totally disagree”. The question asks “to what extent”, so your opinion can be anywhere from “totally agree” to “totally disagree”. Just make sure your supporting ideas MATCH your opinion.

 

2. BODY PARAGRAPH 1

  1. Main supporting idea 1

“People crave new experiences, so instead of destroying culture, the opening of the world makes the richness of different cultures more available for people to explore.

2. Explain

“It is only necessary to visit the central business district of a large city to see the wide range of restaurants serving different ethnic foods from all over the world to understand that different cultures have an important place in the world.”

3. Specific example or further explanation

“While culture is about more than food, and food is often changed from how it is in the traditional culture when it is transported to a new part of the world, it shows that globalisation can help aspects of different cultures to thrive rather than perish.

NOTE – the writer does not “totally” disagree, so the last sentence admits that globalisation can affect a culture, but this change is not necessarily bad.

 

BODY PARAGRAPH 2

  1. Main supporting idea 2 (link from BP1)

“Moreover, although it is true that people might follow similar fashion trends and consume the same kinds of entertainment, these trends can be influenced by cultures all over the world.”

  1. Explain

“Fashion designers and music producers increasingly look to different cultures for new ideas and creations.”

  1. Specific example or further analysis (remember to include at least one example per essay)

“Although these new globalised products are not always exactly reflective of the culture they came from, the internet allows people who are curious to search more about their background and understand more about the culture in which they originated.”

 

4. CONCLUSION

  1. Summarize your opinion and the reasons

“Globalisation might mean all humans have a shared “world” culture, but that means interesting or unique elements of all cultures can be highlighted rather than destroyed.”

  1. Memorable final statement supporting your view

“Humans are always looking for something new, and mass communication and globalisation encourages novelty rather than uniformity of culture.”

globalisation-2

 

FULL ESSAY

The ability to instantly communicate on a global scale has led to the phenomenon of globalisation where the world is becoming more inter-connected. While it is often claimed that this will unavoidably lead to the destruction of some cultures, I believe that it this is not entirely true.

People crave new experiences, so instead of destroying culture, the opening of the world makes the richness of different cultures more available for people to explore. It is only necessary to visit the central business district of a large city to see the wide range of restaurants serving different ethnic foods from all over the world to understand that different cultures have an important place in the world. While culture is about more than food and food even food can be changed from how it is in the traditional culture, it shows that globalisation can help aspects of different culture to thrive rather than perish.

Moreover, although it is true that people might follow similar fashion trends and consume the same kinds of entertainment, these trends can be influenced by cultures all over the world. Fashion designers and music producers, for example, increasingly look to different cultures for new ideas and creations. Although, these new globalised products are not always exactly reflective of the culture they came from, the internet allows people who are curious to search more about their background and understand more about the culture in which they originated.

Globalisation might mean all humans have a shared “world” culture, but that means interesting or unique elements of all cultures can be highlighted rather than destroyed. Humans are always looking for something new, and mass communication and globalisation encourages novelty rather than uniformity of culture. (290 words)

IELTS Accelerate

More speaking and writing tips for IELTS

 

 

 

 

Band 9 Essays: Introductions – Learning to Read

Is it better for children to learn to read by using online material or by using printed material? Discuss and give your opinion.

story time

TASK –

1. You have 40 minutes to write an essay of at least 250 words. The introduction should take no more than 5 minutes.

2. You only need to do TWO things (1) State the topic (2) Show the reader whether you will be giving and supporting your opinion, discussing both sides, explaining a problem and offering some solutions etc.

3. Therefore, your introduction should be no more than TWO or THREE sentences.

TOPIC – Is it better for children to learn to read by using online material or by using printed material? Discuss and give your opinion.

  1. Think of some synonyms for the keywords.

Is it better for children to learn to read by using online material or by using printed material?

Better –> superior

Learn to read –> develop literacy

online material –> material from the internet

printed material –> books, traditional sources, printed texts.

Other words –> proficiency, ability, approach, technique.

SAMPLE 1 – Summarize both sides by paraphrasing the topic. Then state your plan to discuss each before giving an opinion (which you can do in the conclusion).

“Before the appearance of the internet, children learning to read would use simple books. However, they now have a wide range of materials online for them to develop their reading proficiency. This essay will assess each approach to learning how to reach in order to determine which is best.”

SAMPLE 2 – Mention that each side is good. Then ask the question about which is better.

“Since the invention of the printing press, billions of young children have successfully learned to read using books and other printed resources. However, in present day, a new generation is learning how to read through a range of educational tools available online. The question is: which strategy is more effective?”

SAMPLE 3 – Contrast some positive and negative points about each. State the need to investigate further before giving an opinion.

“The internet provides young children with an exciting interactive tool for young children to learn, although it can also be a distraction. On the other hand, although developing one’s reading ability through traditional text has the main method for centuries, it may be too tedious for a young mind that has grown up online. Therefore, the benefits and drawbacks of each technique must be considered in detail before we can say which is superior.”

 

learn-to-read-2

 

Band 9 Speaking: Part 3 – Sense of Humour

humour-1

Do you think having a sense of humour is important? Why/why not?

Sample – “I think it’s very important. Being able to make to people laugh can make a big difference in our life. Telling jokes can brighten someone’s mood if they’re feeling down. Also, if you can laugh at yourself it shows that you don’t take yourself too seriously which will make you more likeable to other people.”

COMMENTS –

  1. Make your main idea clear. In this example, the main idea is just “…it’s very important.”
  2. Try to paraphrase some of the keywords in the question. In this example, “sense of humour” has been changed to “being able to make people laugh.”
  3. Try to use some advanced vocabulary, including idioms. In this example, “feeling down” (feeling sad or depressed) has been used.

 

humour-2

Do you like movies or TV shows that make you laugh?

Sample 1 – “I like watching comedies sometimes, but they’re not my favourite kind of film. For example, I really hate romantic comedies. The plot is always ridiculous and is something that would never happen in real life. Normally the conflict in the movie could be solved if the couple just talked to each other for a minute.”

Sample 2 – “Sure, I love movies that are funny and silly. I’m not really a big fan of sad or dramatic films. When I’m watching a movie I just want to be able to switch off my brain and enjoy a funny story without having to pay attention to the plot too much.”

COMMENTS –

  1. You can answer “Yes” or “No” to these types of questions and still get a good mark. Just make sure you explain your reasons clearly.
  2. Try to use some topic-specific words. Of course, movies that make us laugh are called “comedies” so that term has been used. Another example is the term “plot” which means the overall story.
  3. Try to use some more advanced vocabulary than just “like” or “don’t like”. In the second example, the phrase “not a big fan of…” has been used instead of “don’t like”.

humour-3

Is humour easy to translate from one language to another?

Sample – “Sometimes, but often it is really hard or it just doesn’t work at all. I think one reason is that a lot of humour relies on puns or plays on words. I can’t think of a good example right now, but maybe there are two words that sound similar in a language and this can be used to make a joke. But in another language the words are different so the joke makes no sense.”

COMMENTS –

  1. Try to explain your ideas. If you can’t because it’s too difficult or you can’t think of an example, that’s fine. Just say that. Remember your job is to speak clearly using English, not to be an expert on everything. In this example, the speaker can’t think of an example of a pun, so they simply say “I can’t think of an example right now”. They can still explain it by giving a general explanation of a pun – “maybe there are two words that sound similar…”