Band 9 Reports: Pie Charts – Energy Production

pie-chart-energy-production

INTRODUCTION – Paraphrase the title. If you can’t think of any synonyms, try to change the structure.

Title – The charts show the sources of electricity produced in 4 countries between 2003 and 2008.

SAMPLE – “The charts outline how power was generated in four nations over the period from 2003 to 2008”

OVERVIEW – Give a general summary of the main points. Normally you should talk about major differences, similarities, highs, and lows. This part is ESSENTIAL so don’t forget!

SAMPLE – “A general review of the charts indicates that hydro power was the major source of electricity in Sweden and Morocco, while India and Vietnam relied largely on fossil fuels.”

pie-chart-energy-production

BODY – Use data from the charts to support your overview. Use a range of descriptive vocabulary and link your points.

SAMPLE – “A massive 95% of Morocco’s power was sourced from water, while only 14% of India’s electricity production came from hydroelectricity. In contrast, just over four-fifths of India’s power originated from fossil fuels, whereas the related figures for Sweden and Morocco were only 4 and 5 percent, respectively. Vietnam also obtained a significant amount of  electricity from hydro sources at 44%, although the rest of its power was provided by fossil fuels.”

In terms of nuclear power, Sweden was far out in front with 44% of its electricity coming from nuclear. India generated a minimal 4 percent from the same source, while Vietnam and Morocco had no nuclear production.”

CONCLUSION – Provide a general summary of the main features. This will be similar to your overview, so be careful with time management and try to avoid repetition.

SAMPLE – “Broadly speaking, it seems that developing economies, like India and Vietnam, rely the most on fossil fuels as a source of electricity.”

pie-chart-energy-production

FULL ANSWER

The charts outline how power was generated in four nations over the period from 2003 to 2008. A general review of the charts indicates that hydro power was the major source of electricity in Sweden and Morocco, while India and Vietnam relied largely on fossil fuels

A massive 95% of Morocco’s power was sourced from water, while only 14% of India’s electricity production came from hydroelectricity. In contrast, just over four-fifths of India’s power originated from fossil fuels, whereas the related figures for Sweden and Morocco were only 4 and 5 percent, respectively. Vietnam also obtained a significant amount of  electricity from hydro sources at 44%, although the rest of its power was provided by fossil fuels.”

In terms of nuclear power, Sweden was far out in front with 44% of its electricity coming from nuclear. India generated a minimal 4 percent from the same source, while Vietnam and Morocco had no nuclear production

Broadly speaking, it seems that developing economies, like India and Vietnam, rely the most on fossil fuels as a source of electricity

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Band 9 Reports: Pie Charts Pt.1 – Different Diets

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Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Walking

walking-2

1. Do you like to walk?

“Sure, I like to walk. I normally walk around the park near my house to get some exercise. It’s also a good way for me to relax and clear my head. I normally go for a walk in the early morning or the evening when the weather is cooler.”

TIP – Try to answer NATURALLY. Your main idea can be simple (e.g. “Sure, I like to walk”) and then you can give some details like “Why?” “When?” “Where?” etc.

2. Do you like to walk on your own or with others?

I prefer to walk by myself. Like I said before, I think walking is a good way to clear my mind and think about any problems I have or decisions I have to make. Also, I like to walk fast so I don’t want to have to slow down for someone else.”

TIP – Use some simple synonyms to show your vocabulary. In this example, “on your own” is changed to “by myself”. Try to link your ideas to boost your coherence score. Use phrases such as “Like I said before” to link your ideas and avoid repetition.

walking-3

3. Would you say that your city is a good place for walking?

“Definitely not. It’s much too crowded. The sidewalks are taken up with motorbikes and other stuff so there’s nowhere really to walk. Also there is heavy air pollution so being outside for a long period of time is not good for your health.”

TIP – Link different ideas with simple words like “also”. Try to use some topic-specific words like “sidewalks” and “heavy air pollution”.

4. Do people in your country walk a lot?

“Not really. At least not in cities. Like I just said, cities are too crowded to make walking a good option. People normally get around by motorbike, car,  bike, or public transport. Not to mention in the summer it’s too hot to walk long distances.”

TIP – Link your answers with phrases such as “Like I just said”. Introduce new ideas with phrases like “Not to mention”.

walking

5. Do you think walking is important?

“Yes, I think it’s extremely important. Nowadays most of us live a very sedentary lifestyle which means we don’t get enough exercise and are often overweight. Walking is a simple way to stay healthy and avoid a lot of modern health problems.”

TIP – Try to use some advanced vocabulary like “sedentary lifestyle”. Show your view clearly with adverbs like “extremely”.

6. Do you think walking in the countryside is better than walking in the city?

“I think the country is a much better place to walk because rural areas avoid all of the problems that urban ones have. The air is fresher, there is more space, and you don’t have to worry about being hit by a bus or motorbike.”

TIP – try to use some synonyms for the main topic. In this example, “countryside” is changed to “rural areas” and “city” is changed to “urban ones”.

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Band 9 Reports: Tables – Poverty

The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

table-poverty

GENERAL –

  1. You must include an introduction, an overview, and 1-2 paragraphs of details to SUPPORT your overview.
  2. Try to use some synonyms for the different categories if you can. For example, “sole parent” could be changed to “single parent”. If you’re not sure, just write what is given.
  3. Try to organize your report in a clear, logical way. In this example, we can organise it based on highest and lowest levels of poverty.

 

table-poverty

INTRODUCTION –

Paraphrase the title using synonyms and different structures.

The table below shows the proportion of different categories of families living in poverty in Australia in 1999.

SAMPLE – “The table provides some statistics relating to the percentage of different family types in Australia who were living below the poverty line in 1999.”

OVERVIEW –

This part is ESSENTIAL. You must MUST give the reader a general summary of the data. In general, you should look for highs, lows, similarities, and differences.

In this example, we can see that single people (with or without children) and couples with children are more likely to live in poverty. On the other hand, older people and couples without children have fewer financial problems. This is what you need to report.

SAMPLE – “Families with children and people living alone had higher rates of poverty, while the elderly and couple without children were less likely to be living in poverty.”

table-poverty

BODY –

Use data from the table to support your overview. Remember to link different points and use a range of descriptive and comparative vocabulary.

SAMPLE – [Highest groups] “In 1999, the group with the highest proportion of poverty was that of single-parents families, which had a poverty level of 21%. Single people with no children also had high levels of poverty at 19%, while about one-eighth of couples with children were existing in poverty.”

[Lowest groups] “On the other hand, only 4% of elderly couples were living in poverty, while the proportion of aged singles was slightly higher at 6%. Finally, couples with no children were only about half as likely to be living in poverty than couples who did have children.”

OVERVIEW/CONCLUSION

If you didn’t write an overview after your introduction or you want to summarise the main points at the end, you can write a brief conclusion. Reach a conclusion without repeating your overview exactly.

SAMPLE – “Overall, it seems that having children causes a significant amount of financial pressure, while older people seem to be more financially comfortable.”

table-poverty

FULL ANSWER –

The table provides some statistics relating to the percentage of different family types in Australia who were living below the poverty line in 1999

Families with children and people living alone had higher rates of poverty, while the elderly and couple without children were less likely to be living in poverty

In 1999, the group with the highest proportion of poverty was that of single-parents families, which had a poverty level of 21%. Single people with no children also had high levels of poverty at 19%, while about one-eighth of couples with children were existing in poverty.”

On the other hand, only 4% of elderly couples were living in poverty, while the proportion of aged singles was slightly higher at 6%. Finally, couples with no children were only about half as likely to be living in poverty than couples who did have children.

Overall, it seems that having children causes a significant amount of financial pressure, while older people seem to be more financially comfortable. (165 words)

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Band 9 Reports: Tables – Mobile Phone Usage

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Band 9 Speaking: Part 3 – Museums

museums

1. Do you think history can be learned in museums?

I think museums can be an effective way to learn about history. In museums, visitors can see real artifacts from hundreds or even thousands of years ago, and this can make history seem more real to them. It can bring it to life. Also, if people are curious about something they see in a museum, they might be encouraged to learn more about it in books or online.

NOTE – (1) Make sure sure your main idea is clear. In this example, the main idea is “can be an effective way” (2) Try to use some topic-specific words. In this example, “artifacts” is used (3) Link different ideas. In this example “also” is used.

museums-2

2. What is the effect of technology on history?

“I think technology makes history much more accessible. By that I mean, with the internet, people can discover almost anything there is to know about the past at the tip of their finger. Technology can also make history more life-like through the use of CGI and virtual reality technology.”

NOTES – (1) Make sure your main idea is clear. In this example, the main idea is “more accessible” (2) Explain your main idea(s). In this example, the phrase “By that I mean…” is used (3) Try to use some topic-specific words and phrases. In this example, “at the top of their finger”, “CGI”, and “virtual reality technology” are used.

museums-1

3. Many children these days don’t like museums. Why is that?

“I think many children don’t like museums because they are old-fashioned and quite strict. In a traditional museum, visitors just look at exhibits but are not allowed to touch or play with them. For children, they normally want to interact more with what their surroundings, so museums can be frustrating or boring for them.”

NOTES – (1) Try to use some relevant vocabulary. In this example, “exhibits” is used (2) try to use other advanced vocabulary. In this example, “frustrating” and “interact” are used.

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Band 9 Essays: Opinion – Historic Buildings

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Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – Air Pollution

air-pollutants

GENERAL –

  1. You must write at least 150 words.
  2. You must include an overview
  3. You must compare the data

bar-chart-air-pollution

FOUR-PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE

  1. Introduction + Overview
  2. Body 1
  3. Body 2
  4. Conclusion (similar to overview)

1. Introduction – paraphrase

The chart shows the average daily minimum and maximum levels of air pollutants in 4 big cities in 2000

SAMPLE – “The chart displays the peak and minimum levels of sulphur dioxide and nitrous dioxide, measured in micrograms per cubic metre, on a typical day in four major urban centres.

TIP – If you write the units in the intro (e.g. micrograms per cubic metre) you don’t need to repeat them every time you write a figure.

2. Overview – summarize the main points

SAMPLE – “From the chart it is clear that Mexico City has by far the highest level of pollutants overall, while the other cities have some similarities and differences in the level of pollutants in their atmospheres.”

bar-chart-air-pollution

3. Body – make the overview clear with specific details

NOTE: try to give each paragraph a clear topic. In this example, the first body paragraph is about N2O levels, while the second is about SO2 levels.

SAMPLE – “Mexico City’s peak N20 level is 207, which is twice as high as the level in Los Angeles and four times higher than the levels in Calcutta and Beijing. Similarly, the minimum N20 level of 113 in Mexico City was 8 times higher than Beijing, which was the city with the lowest minimum N2O level, while its N20 level was 3 and 4 times higher than those of Los Angeles and Calcutta.

“With respect to SO2 levels, Los Angeles has the lowest average high and lows by a significant amount. Peak SO2 levels in Los Angeles in 2000 were only 10, which was 6 times lower than the next city: Calcutta. At the other end of the scale, peak SO2 levels in Beijing were 130, while in Mexico City they were even higher at 200. Los Angeles also had the lowest minimum at just 2, making it 40 times lower than Mexico City’s minimum. Interestingly, Beijing’s low was 25, which was only half of Calcutta’s, despite Beijing having a much greater maximum. (235 words)

NOTE – this sample is already over 200 words so it is not necessary to write a conclusion. The overview is the key part. If you prefer, you can also write your overview at the end as a conclusion (just don’t repeat yourself). Take a look at the TWO full answers below.

air-pollutants-1

FULL ANSWER 1 (Intro-Body-Overview)

The chart displays the peak and minimum levels of sulphur dioxide and nitrous dioxide, measured in micrograms per cubic metre, on a typical day in four major urban centres.

Mexico City’s peak N20 level is 207, which is twice as high as the level in Los Angeles and four times higher than the levels in Calcutta and Beijing. Similarly, the minimum N20 level of 113 in Mexico City was 8 times higher than Beijing, which was the city with the lowest minimum N2O level, while its N20 level was 3 and 4 times higher than those of Los Angeles and Calcutta.

With respect to SO2 levels, Los Angeles has the lowest average high and lows by a significant amount. Peak SO2 levels in Los Angeles in 2000 were only 10, which was 6 times lower than the next city: Calcutta. At the other end of the scale, peak SO2 levels in Beijing were 130, while in Mexico City they were at 200. Los Angeles also had the lowest minimum at just 2, making it 40 times lower than Mexico City’s minimum. Interestingly, Beijing’s low was 25, which was only half of Calcutta’s low, which was not far below its peak.

From the chart it is clear that Mexico City has by far the highest level of pollutants overall, while the other cities have some similarities and differences in the level of pollutants in their atmospheres.

FULL ANSWER 2 (Intro-Overview-Body)

The chart displays the peak and minimum levels of sulphur dioxide and nitrous dioxide, measured in micrograms per cubic metre, on a typical day in four major urban centres. From the chart it is clear that Mexico City has by far the highest level of pollutants overall, while the other cities have some similarities and differences in the level of pollutants in their atmospheres.

Mexico City’s peak N20 level is 207, which is twice as high as the level in Los Angeles and four times higher than the levels in Calcutta and Beijing. Similarly, the minimum N20 level of 113 in Mexico City was 8 times higher than Beijing, which was the city with the lowest minimum N2O level, while its N20 level was 3 and 4 times higher than those of Los Angeles and Calcutta.

With respect to SO2 levels, Los Angeles has the lowest average high and lows by a significant amount. Peak SO2 levels in Los Angeles in 2000 were only 10, which was 6 times lower than the next city: Calcutta. At the other end of the scale, peak SO2 levels in Beijing were 130, while in Mexico City they were at 200. Los Angeles also had the lowest minimum at just 2, making it 40 times lower than Mexico City’s minimum. Interestingly, Beijing’s low was 25, which was only half of Calcutta’s low, which was not far below its peak.

 

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Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – House Prices

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Band 9 Essays: Opinion – Road Safety

TOPIC – Some people think that improving road safety will only be possible by increasing the legal age limit for new drivers. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

5-PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE

Opinion = Mostly disagree

NOTE – In an opinion essay (agree or disagree), you can 100% agree or 100% disagree or have any view in between. In this essay, the view is mostly disagree. Therefore, there will be ONE body paragraph for the “agree” idea and TWO body paragraphs for the “disagree” side.

road-safety

INTRODUCTION – Paraphrase the topic and clearly state your view. Aim for two sentences only. Don’t spend too long on your introduction. Just make the TOPIC and your VIEW clear. Most of your marks will come from a strong body with well-developed ideas.

TOPIC – Some people think that improving road safety will only be possible by increasing the legal age limit for new drivers. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

SAMPLE – “Road injuries and even deaths are a major source of concern in countries all around the globe. While many believe that the best approach to greater road safety is to raise the minimum age that individuals can obtain a license, there are more effective ways to make the road a safer place for everyone.”

NOTE – Sentence 1 gives the topic (road safety) and sentence 2 gives the writer’s opinion with some balance from the opposing side. Also, remember to use synonyms. In this example, “raise” is used instead of “increasing” and “minimum age” is used instead of “legal age limit”. Remember to also try to use general academic vocabulary. In this example, “obtain” is used instead of “get”.

road-safety-1

BODY – This example will have THREE body paragraphs. Each paragraph should have: (1) a clear main idea (2) explanation of the idea (3) further explanation or a specific example. Remember to link all paragraphs with suitable linking words and phrases.

SAMPLE – “Those who believe the age limit for getting a licensed should be elevated believe that young people are too inexperienced to drive safely. Generally, if someone is only 16 when they get their license, they are still immature and may act recklessly and cause an accident while they are driving. However, it is unclear how much young people contribute to road accidents, so maybe it is not fair to cast all the blame on them.”

“On the other hand, it is clear that there are a range of other factors that reduce road safety. One of the biggest is simply inattentive drivers of all ages. With the advent of mobile phones, drivers are often distracted by checking their messages or their GPS, and this lack of focus on the road in front of them is a major cause of accidents. Similarly, people often drive while fatigued or under the influence of drugs or alcohol, which all reduce reaction time and magnify the risk of a driving error.”

“The best way to improve road safety is to not have people in charge of controlling vehicles that travel at high speed and can cause destruction in the blink of an eye. As technology advances, self-driving cars are only just around the corner, and only once computer algorithms rather than people are in charge of vehicles will road safety improve.”

NOTE – The first paragraph explains a view from the other side and also challenges it (see the last sentence). The second paragraph introduces a view for the writer’s position and supports it with some explanation and examples. There is also a range of vocabulary, such as “lack of focus” vs. “inattentive” vs. “distracted”. There is also some topic-specific vocabulary like “reaction time” and “driver error”. The third paragraph presents the writer’s answer to road safety (as opposed to raising the driving age limit). The writer also uses some relevant idioms like “in the blink of an eye” and “just around the corner”. There is also some advanced vocabulary like “computer algorithms”.

CONCLUSION – State your view. Summarize your main points and try to finish with something memorable or a possible answer to the problem.

SAMPLE – “Overall, it is clear that a lack of road safety is due to much more than just young drivers. People of all ages can make errors on the road for a variety of reasons, and the best way to make the roads safe is to eliminate the human factor.”

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More useful vocabulary for IELTS speaking and writing

Similar topics – Band 9 Essays: Problem and Solutions Pt.1 – Traffic Congestion

Similar topics – Band 9 Speaking: Part 3 – Roads