BAND 9.0 Essays: Reasons and Opinion – Gender Preferences in Studying (Real Test 2017)

In schools and universities, girls tend to choose arts while boys like science. What are the reasons for this trend and do you think this tendency should be changed.

Gender Differences 2

THINGS TO REMEMBER
  1. For difficult topics (like this one maybe!), focus on a clear structure and just 1-2 ideas that you can explain clearly (with an example from research or your own experience)
  2. Make your you answer ALL parts of the question. You MUST say (i) the reason(s) for this trend and (ii) should the tendency be changed.
  3. This type of essay can have a 4-paragraph structure (i) Introduction (ii) Body paragraph one [“Reasons”] (iii) Body paragraph 2 [“Should it be changed”] (iv) Conclusion

Gender Differences

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

STEP 1 – Introduction

TOPIC – In schools and universities, girls tend to choose arts while boys like science. What are the reasons for this trend and do you think this tendency should be changed.

SAMPLE – “It is apparent that there are gender preferences when it comes to choosing a course of study. The primary reason for this is biology, although this fact does not mean that people of differing genders should not be free to pursue whatever subject interests them.

TIPS – (i) Your introduction should be 2 sentences. In the first sentence, paraphrase the topic. In the second, state your plan i.e. discuss the reasons and say whether the tendency should be changed.

Step 2 – Body

The ultimate reason for differences in study choices is that boys and girls are not the same at a biological level. In every culture, there are variations in the likes and dislikes of each gender. A clear distinction is that boys tend to be more aggressive and, as a result, seek out physical sports in order to release their aggression. Similarly, boys seem to be more attracted to subjects – like those in the science field – that require problem-solving and analytical thinking. A clear example of this is countries where gender equality in subjects is enforced. For example, Norway has a policy to get equal numbers of men and women into subjects, such as engineering, but the results are clear. Even when women are guaranteed places in these courses and have their tuition paid for by the government, they choose to study traditionally “female” subjects.

TIP – If you can only think of one idea/reason, that’s OKAY. Explain it clearly and give an example. Use advanced, academic vocabulary and a range of grammatical structures, and you will be fine.

However, although there are clear differences between genders, it does not mean that girls should not be able to follow a career in science or that boys should be discouraged from studying art-based ones. There are many girls who want to study science or engineering, and they should be given the same opportunity as boys to do it and can be just as successful in those fields.

STEP 3 – Conclusion

The contrasting subject choices between different genders is an obvious result of the fact that men and women are not identical. Nevertheless, everyone should be treated fairly and have the chance to chase and reach their dreams. (295 words)

TIP – Your introduction needs to do TWO things for the reader (i) Restate the reason(s) for different subject choices (ii) Show why your opinion is a good one (“…everyone should be treated fairly…”)

Boy and girl and their favorite subject in school.

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

It is apparent that there are gender preferences when it comes to choosing a course of study. The primary reason for this is biology, although this fact does not mean that people of differing genders should not be free to pursue whatever subject interests them.

The ultimate reason for differences in study choices is that boys and girls are not the same at a biological level. In every culture, there are variations in the likes and dislikes of each gender. A clear distinction is that boys tend to be more aggressive and, as a result, seek out physical sports in order to release their aggression. Similarly, boys seem to be more attracted to subjects – like those in the science field – that require problem-solving and analytical thinking. A clear example of this is countries where gender equality in subjects is enforced. For example, Norway has a policy to get equal numbers of men and women into subjects, such as engineering, but the results are clear. Even when women are guaranteed places in these courses and have their tuition paid for by the government, they choose to study traditionally “female” subjects.

However, although there are clear differences between genders, it does not mean that girls should not be able to follow a career in science or that boys should be discouraged from studying art-based ones. There are many girls who want to study science or engineering, and they should be given the same opportunity as boys to do it.

The contrasting subject choices between different genders is an obvious result of the fact that men and women are not identical. Nevertheless, everyone should be treated fairly and have the chance to chase and reach their dreams. (295 words)

IELTS Accelerate

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