BAND 9.0 Essays: Problems and Solutions – Too Many Cars

Some people believe that international car-free days are an effective way to reduce air pollution. However, others argue that there are other ways that are more effective. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Car Pollution

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – advanced vocabulary and synonyms are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

Step 1 – introduction

TIPS – your introduction should do TWO things (i) Introduce the topic (ii) Explain your plan (in this example, your plan is to compare banning cars with other options)

(i)  Polluted air is one of, if not the most, serious issues facing the world today. (ii) It has been suggested that to combat this problem, there should be days where cars are banned from the road. However, it is also commonly stated that air pollution can be addressed more effectively through other methods.

Car Pollution 2

Step 2 – Body Paragraph 1

TIPS – (i) State a view about cars and pollution (ii) Explain how they cause pollution (iii) Conclude that banning cars could therefore be an effective solution)

(i) It is certainly true that private vehicles are a major source of air pollution. (ii) Cars produce harmful emissions, such as carbon monoxide, that lead to a range of health problems and are responsible for the deaths of millions of people around the world every year. (iii) Therefore, it seems obvious that reducing the number of vehicles at any one time will help to make the air cleaner.

Step 3 – Body Paragraph 2

TIPS – (i) State some problems with the first solution i.e. people need to be able to move around easily (ii) Suggest another option and explain its effects (iii) Introduce another option (iv) Explain why it would be a good solution to the problem

(i) Nevertheless, it is also true people need some form of transportation, especially as ease of travel is necessary for economic productivity. (ii) One alternative to prohibiting cars is to increase the amount of public transportation, which would result in fewer vehicles and less air pollution. (iii) Another option is to make care more environmentally friendly. (iv) New technology, like cars powered by electricity or one that produce substantially fewer toxic substances, could help to decrease pollution, while still allowing people to use their own vehicles.

Car Pollution 1

Step 4 – Conclusion

TIPS – (i) State the problem has different solutions (ii) Summarize the options and their possible effectiveness

(i) Overall, dealing with the problem of air pollution requires a range of solutions. (ii) Reducing the number of vehicles on the road by restricting car usage is one possibility, but adding more public transport and making cars produce less pollution are also appropriate actions to take.

IELTS Accelerate

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

Polluted air is one of, if not the most, serious issues facing the world today. It has been suggested that to combat this problem, there should be days where cars are banned from the road. However, it is also commonly stated that air pollution can be addressed more effectively through other methods.

It is certainly true that private vehicles are a major source of air pollution. Cars produce harmful emissions, such as carbon monoxide, that lead to a range of health problems and are responsible for the deaths of millions of people around the world every year. Therefore, it seems obvious that reducing the number of vehicles at any one time will help to make the air cleaner.

Nevertheless, it is also true people need some form of transportation, especially as ease of travel is necessary for economic productivity. One alternative to prohibiting cars is to increase the amount of public transportation, which would result in fewer vehicles and less air pollution. Another option is to make care more environmentally friendly. New technology, like cars powered by electricity or one that produce substantially fewer toxic substances, could help to decrease pollution, while still allowing people to use their own vehicles.

Overall, dealing with the problem of air pollution requires a range of solutions. Reducing the number of vehicles on the road by restricting car usage is one possibility, but adding more public transport and making cars produce less pollution are also appropriate actions to take (253 words)

Band 9 Essays: Mixed Task – International Travel

Band 9 Essays: Opinion – Road Safety

 

Advertisements

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Mobile Phones vs. Landlines

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. This chart is only for one period of time, so there are NO trends. You need to write about the similarities and differences, highs and lows.
  2. Use the present simple tense.
  3. Your structure should be (i) Introduction (ii) Overview (iii) 2 body paragraphs with a clear topic for each and details that support your overview.

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking and descriptive vocabulary are in italics.

STEP 1 – INTRODUCTION

The chart above shows the number of mobile phones and landlines per 100 people in 7 countries.

SAMPLE ANSWER – “The chart presents the quantity of mobile phones and landlines for every 100 people in Canada, the United States, and five European countries.”

TIPS – (i) DON’T worry about synonyms for the groups (i.e. “mobile phones”/”landlines”). Make sure your introduction is clear (ii) Try to use synonyms for common words like the verb “shows” and other words like “number”.

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

STEP TWO – OVERVIEW

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Overall, mobile phones are more common than landlines in four out of the seven countries, with only 2 countries having fewer than 50 percent of people with a mobile phone. On the other hand, only one country has more than 70 landlines per one hundred people.

TIPS – (1) Try to compare the two groups and see if you can notice any similarities or differences (2) Ask yourself “which ones are higher/lower/similar/different?”

STEP THREE – BODY

SAMPLE ANSWER – “With regard to mobile phones, Italy has the highest percentage, with a figure of 90%, while Sweden, the UK, and Denmark all have more than 80 mobile phones per 100 people. In contrast, Canada and the United States have the lowest percentage of mobile phones per capita, with figures of 38 and 48 percent, respectively.”

As for landlines, Italy only has the lowest number of landlines at just over 40 per 100 people, which is less than half the number amount of mobile phones. Conversely, there are 63 landlines for every 100 people in Canada, and that is significantly greater than the figure for mobile phones. The country with the largest proportion of landlines is Denmark (88%), while the second-placed countries in the chart – the US and Sweden – have just under 70 landlines per 100 people, which is slightly more than Canada, Germany, and the UK, whose landline percentages hover around 60 percent.”

TIPS – (1) You might not have time to write about every piece of data. That’s OK (2) Make sure you write about the highest and the lowest figures and any major similarities or differences (3) Try to use a wide range of describing words for comparisons and data (4) You MUST make COMPARISONS. If you just LIST the data (i.e. “This country has this many mobile phones and this many landlines, while that country has this many mobile phones and this many landlines”) you will NOT get a good mark!

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

The chart presents the quantity of mobile phones and landlines for every 100 people in Canada, the United States, and five European countries

Overall, mobile phones are more common than landlines in four out of the seven countries, with only 2 countries having fewer than 50 percent of people with a mobile phone. On the other hand, only one country has more than 70 landlines per hundred people.

With regard to mobile phones, Italy has the highest percentage, with a figure of 90%, while Sweden, the UK, and Denmark all have more than 80 mobile phones per 100 people. In contrast, Canada and the United States have the lowest percentage of mobile phones per capita, with figures of 38 and 48 percent, respectively.

As for landlines, Italy only has the lowest number of landlines at just over 40 per 100 people, which is less than half the number amount of mobile phones. Conversely, there are 63 landlines for every 100 people in Canada, and that is significantly greater than its figure for mobile phones. The country with by far the largest proportion of landlines is Denmark (88%), while the second-placed countries in the chart – the US and Sweden – have just under 70 landlines per 100 people, which is slightly more than Canada, Germany, and the UK, whose landline percentages hover around 60 percent. (223 words)

IELTS Accelerate

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – News Sources (Real Test 2017)

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – House Prices

 

 

 

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

T1 Bar Charts - Education

The chart above shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. Your report MUST include (i) an introduction that summarizes the chart (ii) an overview that reports the main details (iii) 1-2 body paragraphs that support the overview with specific data.
  2. If you do not include an OVERVIEW, you will not get above Band 5.
  3. Your first job is to clearly report the information. Synonyms etc. are useful, but only use them if you are sure they are appropriate.
  4. After the reader reads your report, they should have a clear picture of what the chart looks like WITHOUT having seen it.

 

T1 Bar Charts - Education

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

STEP 1 – Introduction

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are included in bold. Linking vocabulary is included in italics.

TOPIC – The chart above shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.

SAMPLE ANSWER (Paraphrase the topic) – “The chart indicates how many men and women in Britain were enrolled in tertiary education in three periods – 1970/71, 1980/81, and 1990/91 – and whether their studies were full or part-time.

TIP – If you don’t know words like “tertiary” or “enrolled”, it’s okay. You can always use synonyms for words like “shows”. If you are not sure of a synonym, don’t use it. If your introduction is not clear, it is very difficult to get a high mark.

T1 Bar Charts - Education

STEP 2 – Overview

SAMPLE ANSWER – “It is clear from the chart that in all periods there were more men and women studying full-time than part-time. However, while the number of women studying all types of course increased significantly over the periods shown, the number of men studying full-time decreased moderately.”

TIPS – (1) Your job is to report the main features. All you have to say is whether the trends were “up”, “down”, or “remained the same” (2) You don’t need to include any specific data (numbers/figures) in your overview (3) The overview is the MOST important part. If you don’t include one, you will not get above Band 5!
STEP 3 – Body

SAMPLE ANSWER – “With respect to part-time education, the number of men doubled over the period, rising from 100000 in 1970/71 to 200000 by 1990/91. The number of women studying in this way was also around 200000, which was substantially higher than the figure of 40000 in 1970/71.

As for full-time studying, there was considerable growth in the number of women, with the figure climbing from 700000 to 1.1 million, which was the highest level in any period for any kind of studying. On the other hand, the number of men studying full-time dropped from 1 million to about 800000 between 1970/71 and 1980/81, although it then rose again to 900000 in 1990/91, resulting in a decline of 100000 over the whole period.”

TIPS – (1) Your body should make your overview clear (2) Try to organise it in a clear, logical way. In this example, there are two paragraphs. The first is about “part-time education”, while the second is about “full-time education” (3) Make sure you make comparisons. Try to think if any data is the same, is the highest (or lowest), has a big change (or no change!)

T1 Bar Charts - Education

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

The chart indicates how many men and women in Britain were enrolled in tertiary education in three periods – 1970/71, 1980/81, and 1990/91 – and whether their studies were full or part-time.

It is clear from the chart that in all periods there were more men and women studying full-time than part-time. However, while the number of women studying all types of course increased significantly over the periods shown, the number of men studying full-time decreased moderately

With respect to part-time education, the number of men doubled over the period, rising from 100000 in 1970/71 to 200000 by 1990/91. The number of women studying in this way was also around 200000, which was substantially higher than the figure of 40000 in 1970/71.

As for full-time studying, there was considerable growth in the number of women, with the figure climbing from 700000 to 1.1 million, which was the highest level in any period for any kind of studying. On the other hand, the number of men studying full-time dropped from 1 million to about 800000 between 1970/71 and 1980/81, although it then rose again to 900000 in 1990/91, resulting in a decline of 100000 over the whole period. (197 words)

IELTS Accelerate

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – News Sources (Real Test 2017)

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – Air Pollution

For more useful vocabulary and tips for IELTS and General English LIKE and FOLLOW on Facebook

BAND 9.0 Speaking: Part 3 – Films

Movies

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. In Part 3, you should aim for 3-5 sentences.
  2. You might notice that many of the Part 3 questions are similar to Task 2 essay questions. Organise you answer like an essay body paragraph (i) Main idea (ii) Explanation (iii) Link to new idea OR more explanation OR an example
  3. However, remember you are talking to a REAL person, so don’t speak like a robot. Make eye contact and speak normally, while trying to show some relevant vocabulary.

SAMPLE ANSWERS WITH TIPS

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

QUESTION 1 – What do people enjoy about going to the cinema?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Going to the movies is a completely different experience from watching a film at home. Obviously, the screen is much bigger. Also, the sound system is a lot better. It creates the sensation that you are “in” the movie and it makes it more enjoyable.”

TIPS – Link your ideas with appropriate phrases. If you are saying something that everyone knows, then use words/phrases like “Obviously” or “Of course”. Don’t speak like a ROBOT!

Movies 2

QUESTION 2 – How have cinema-going habits changed in your country over the years?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Um, I think the most significant change is that a lot more people go to the cinema. This is simply because people now have more disposable income to spend on leisure activities. Now, going to the movies is a regular activity, while in the past it was much rarer. In fact, many people had never been to the cinema before.”

TIPS – (1) Try to add some advanced vocabulary [like “disposable income”], but don’t force it. That means you need to have clear ideas BEFORE you worry about vocabulary (2) Add stronger explanation with phrases like “In fact”.

Movies 1

QUESTION 3 – What’s your opinion on Hollywood films?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “I think overall they’re great. They have huge budgets, so the special effects are normally amazing. However, there main purpose is to make money, so often there is not a lot of creativity or artistic types of film – just big blockbusters with lots of explosions and not much story.”

TIPS – Using some topic-specific vocabulary is a great way to boost your score. (2) Make your main idea/opinion clearer with words like “overall” or “generally”.

Television comercial production set.

QUESTION 4 – Does your country produce films? How are Hollywood films different from films produced in your country?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Yes, my country has a film industry. Although, it’s not very big. I think the main difference between it and Hollywood is the money available and the type of films. My country’s movie industry doesn’t have hundreds of millions of dollars to make a movie, so the scenes are normally more simple. Also, the films are more about traditional topics and stories as my country’s culture is still very conservative.”

IELTS Accelerate

USEFUL LINKS

Band 9 Speaking: Part 3 – Sense of Humour

BAND 9.0 Speaking: Part 3 – Gifts

For more useful vocabulary and tips LIKE and FOLLOW on FACEBOOK