IELTS Task 1 Writing: Mixed Task – Bar Chart and Line Graph

Line Graph - Tourists

The charts above show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market.

Write a report of at least 150 words describing the information shown.

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

Your report should have – (1) An introduction that paraphrases the information you given about the graph (“The chart shows…” etc.) (2) An overview that reports the main details (overall trends, highs, lows, etc.) (3) 1-2 body paragraphs that expand on the main ideas and provide supporting data.

EASY ANSWER

The following is an answer in the 6+ IELTS band range.

Line Graph - Tourists

  1. INTRODUCTION

The charts above show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market.

EXAMPLE – The charts above give information about the amount of tourist from Japan travelling overseas between 1985 and 1995 as well as Australia’s Japanese tourist market share.

TIPS – There are always some words you can change using common synonyms. For example, “show(s)” can always be changed to something like “indicate(s)” or “give(s) information”. You can also change the grammatical structure. In this example, “Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market” has been changed to “Australia’s Japanese tourist market share”

2. OVERVIEW

Line Graph - Tourists

 

2-3 OVERVIEW (MAIN FEATURES) AND BODY (SUPPORTING DATA)

The overview is the first sentence of each of the following body paragraphs. You MUST include an overview, which is a summary of the main details. Normally, this is the overall trend, or the biggest (smallest) figures. What do you notice first when you look at the charts?

A quick glance at the first chart reveals that the number of Japanese people traveling abroad increased significantly over the period. In 1985, there were about 5 million Japanese tourists travelling to other countries. However, over the next five years, this number more than doubled to around 11 million. After that, there was a small drop of a few hundred thousand in the next year, but then tourist numbers continued to climb again, finishing in 1995 at just over 15 million.

Similarly, the line graph shows that more and more Japanese tourists chose Australia as their holiday destination. Only 2 percent of Japanese tourists visited Australia in 1985, but this number had risen to almost 5 percent by 1988. Although in the next year, the percentage dipped to just above 4 percent, it climbed after that to over 6 percent in 1993. Finally, there was a small fall to 6 percent in the last year given in the graph. (185 words)

TIPS – A good answer is one where the reader can picture or “see” what the graph/chart looks like based on your description. Try reading some sample answers and then drawing the chart. If you can draw a decent outline, then you’ve probably read/written a good report.

 

HIGH-LEVEL ANSWER

Line Graph - Tourists

The bar chart provides data relating to the quantity of Japanese citizens travelling to foreign holiday destinations over the decade from 1985 to 1995, while the line graph presents the percentage of these tourists who chose Australia as their travel destination during the same interval.

A cursory examination of the bar chart reveals a substantial increase in the overall number of tourists coming out of Japan. In the initial year of the chart, Japanese tourist numbers stood at approximately 5 million. However, over the following five years, this figure increased by more than two times to roughly 11 million. Despite a minimal dip of a few hundred thousand in 1991, tourist numbers continued to climb, ending the period at just over 15 million.

A similar upward trend can be seen in the percentage of Japanese people embarking on a holiday to Australia. In 1985, Australia was the travel location of only 2 percent of Japanese, but this figure increased dramatically to almost 5 percent over the next three years. Australia’s share of Japanese tourist dipped to just over 4 percent in the next year, but then rebounded and had grown to over 6 percent by 1993. Although there was another drop in the final year given in the graph, the percentage of Japanese tourists visiting Australia was still three times greater than it had been at the beginning. (225 words)

TIPS – In the advanced answer there are (1) a wide range of advanced vocabulary (e.g. “rebounded”, “a cursory examination” (2) A wide range of grammatical structures (including a mix of clauses and tense – simple past vs. past perfect (3) A wide range of linking vocabulary (4) A range of synonyms for reporting the subject of the charts (“Japanese tourists travelling overseas”)

IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS, FEEL FREE TO POST THEM!

CHECK OUT SOME OTHER TASK 1 EXAMPLES

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Mobile Phones vs. Landlines

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

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