REMEMBER in Part 3 you need to give general answers about some more academic/intellectual questions. Just like in Part 1, you have NO time to think about your answer. You can pause briefly (1-2 seconds) to think what you’re going to say, but you should try to begin your answer with some kind of lead-in sentence e.g. “Well, that’s an interesting question”, “I’ve never thought about that before, but I guess…”, “Let me see…”
NOTE – The following questions are from a real test. Each question has two possible answers – a basic answer at at least Band 6.0 and a advanced/native level answer.
QUESTION ONE – What are the things that get replaced often?
Sample One (Simple) – “I think people normally replace things that they use a lot. If you use something all the time, then it can – I don’t know the exact word – it can break and then you need to buy a new one.”
NOTES – (1) This answer is quite simple, but it answers the question clearly. There is a main idea (“things that they use a lot”) and some brief explanation (2) If you don’t know a word, then try to explain it as best you can. In this example, the speaker wanted to say “then it can get worn out” or “it can wear out”. Always aim to explain yourself clearly before worrying about vocabulary.
Sample Two (Advanced) – “I think how regularly something gets used depends on the frequency that it is used and its quality. I something is used a lot, then of course it will wear down and eventually need to be replaced. Similarly, if something is low quality, it will deteriorate because the parts are not suitable for the job over a long period.”
NOTES – The speaker’s ideas are similar to the “simple” answer, but they use higher level vocabulary (“regularly” instead of “a lot” and they know the verbs “wear down” and “deteriorate”). The speaker also links their ideas with appropriate words, such as “Similarly”.
QUESTION TWO – Do children replace things faster than adults?
Answer One (Simple) – Yes, I definitely think that is true. Maybe it’s because children are less careful with their things. They throw them around or they forget where they put them and lose them. Oh yeah, also they’re growing all the time, so they always need new clothes an things like that that fit them.”
NOTES – Sometimes, it can be hard to think of ideas immediately, so it can be a good idea to begin with a simple opening statement that just says, “Yes” or “No”. Sometimes, you will think of an extra idea when you’re speaking (“Oh yeah, also…”), so add it with some appropriate linking vocabulary.
Answer Two (Advanced) – Children are growing so fast – physically and emotionally – that they replace things much more rapidly than adults do. They often seem to almost grow overnight, so their clothes and stuff like that always need to be replaced. Also, I don’t know if this is what you mean, but children also heal much faster than adults, so I guess you could say they replace themselves faster too.”
NOTES – (1) Again, this answer has some similar ideas to the “simple” one but with more advanced vocabulary (2) The speaker has a second idea that they’re not sure is relevant but they add it with a disclaimer (“I don’t know if this is what you mean…”) and then explains their idea (3) Part 3 is a little more formal than the earlier parts, but you can still use language like “and stuff like that” to mention a wider group of similar things.
QUESTION 3 – What are the effects of replacing items more frequently?
Sample One (Simple) – “I think the biggest effect is that it creates a lot of trash. When we replace something or throw it out, it often ends up in a landfill. Also, it can be expensive for people to always have to replace things, so I think that’s a problem too.”
NOTES – (1) Some questions in Part 3 can be difficult to answer immediately, so try to begin with a clear main idea (“…it creates a lot of trash”), then explain your ideas as best you can (2) If you can’t think of how to explain your main idea, then finish your answer with some kind of concluding phrase (“…so I think that’s a problem too”)
Sample Two (Advanced) – “I think the effects are mostly negative – mainly ecological. By that I mean when something gets thrown away, it normally ends up in a landfill where it will sit or maybe thousands of years and pollute the surrounding area. Also, I think products are made to break quickly so that people are always buying replacements. There’s a term for this, but I can’t quite remember it.”
NOTES – (1) This answer has some good vocabulary, such as “landfill” and “ecological” (2) Even for a high-level candidate (or a native speaker!) sometimes it is difficult to remember a word or phrase on the spot. Don’t worry, if you can explain yourself in simple English then you’ll be fine (in the above answer, the term the speaker “can’t quite remember” is planned obsolescence)
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