IELTS Writing Task One: Process – Milk Production

Process - Milk Production

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. Often in a process, you will not know some of the terms that are used. Look carefully at each stage and try to explain to yourself in your own words what is happening. For example, in the first stage of this process “cows grazing”. Maybe you don’t know what “grazing” means, but it is easy to guess that it means something like “eating grass”.
  2. A process is a series of steps, so try to use a wide range of linking vocabulary. NO repetition.
  3. For you overview, you can mention things like: how many stages there are, is it a simple or complex process, is it an industrial/manufacturing process or is it a natural one, and what are the first and last stages (the input and the output)
  4. Use present tense (passive voice) for processes like this one. Don’t use past tense and don’t use “will”. Something is happening to something in a process, so passive voice is best.

 

NOTE – the following includes TWO sample answers: a simple one and a more advanced one (Band 9.0). Notice how the structure for both is very similar, while the vocabulary and grammar are more complex in the advanced version.

 

Process - Milk Production

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

STEP ONE – Introduction (paraphrase the title)

The diagram below shows the process of milk production

“The diagram indicates the key stages in production of milk.”

STEP TWO – Overview

“Producing milk begins with cows eating grass in a field and ends with milk and other related products being sold in stores.”

STEP THREE – Body (link the stages)

“In the first step, cows eat grass in a field. Twice a day, the cows are taken to a place where they are milked by a special milking machine. Once the cows have been milked, the milk is stored in large refrigeration tanks in order to keep it fresh. Every day, a milk tanker takes the milk from storage and delivers it to a dairy.

At the dairy, the milk is used in two ways. Some of the milk is pasteurized and packaged into bottles for sale. On the other hand, some of the milk is used to produce cream, cheese, and butter. Finally, the finished products are taken to stores where they can be purchased by customers.”

NOTES – (1) If you are not sure of specific terms, then use general ones. For example, cows are taken to a “milking shed” to be milked, but if you don’t know this, just write “place”. If you don’t know what something like “pasteurized” means, then just write the word with an appropriate simple verb e.g. “then the milk is…pasteurized” (2) If your process is too short (only 100-120 words) then add some information about the purpose of each stage. For example, the milk is stored in order to keep it fresh.

Process - Milk Production

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

“The diagram outlines the principal stages in milk production as well as the manufacture of other dairy products.

Milk production begins with a herd of dairy cows grazing on grass and ends with dairy products being purchased by consumers.

As previously stated, the initial stage in the process is cows feeding on grass in a field. Twice a day, the cows are taken from the pasture to a milking facility where they are milked by an automated milking machine. The resulting milk is kept fresh in large refrigerated storage tanks. On a daily basis, the milk is collected by a milk tanker and transported to a dairy factory where further processes are applied to it in order to create a range of products.

Some of the milk is pasteurized – heat-treated to kill any harmful bacteria – while the rest is converted into other dairy products: cheese, cream, and butter. Ultimately, the finished dairy products are transported to shops and supermarkets where they may be purchased by the general public.”

NOTE – You can add some explanation about stages in the process. For example, what is the “pasteurization” stage.

Dairy Cows

FULL SAMPLE ANSWERS

SIMPLE – The diagram indicates the key stages in production of milk

Producing milk begins with cows eating grass in a field and ends with milk and other related products being sold in stores.

In the first step, cows eat grass in a field. Twice a day, the cows are taken to a place where they are milked by a special milking machine. Once the cows have been milked, the milk is stored in large refrigeration tanks in order to keep it fresh. Every day, a milk tanker takes the milk from storage and delivers it to a dairy.

At the dairy, the milk is used in two ways. Some of the milk is pasteurized and packaged into bottles for sale. On the other hand, some of the milk is used to produce cream, cheese, and butter. Finally, the finished products are taken to stores where they can be purchased by customers. (150 words)

ADVANCED – The diagram outlines the principal stages in milk production as well as the manufacture of other dairy products.

Milk production begins with a herd of dairy cows grazing on grass and ends with dairy products being purchased by consumers.

As previously stated, the initial stage in the process is cows feeding on grass in a field. Twice a day, the cows are taken from the pasture to a milking facility where they are milked by an automated milking machine. The resulting milk is kept fresh in large refrigerated storage tanks. On a daily basis, the milk is collected by a milk tanker and transported to a dairy factory where further processes are applied to it in order to create a range of products.

Some of the milk is pasteurized – heat-treated to kill any harmful bacteria – while the rest is converted into other dairy products: cheese, cream, and butter. Ultimately, the finished dairy products are transported to shops and supermarkets where they may be purchased by the general public. (170 words)

YOU MIGHT FIND SOME OF THE RELATED POSTS USEFUL

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2 thoughts on “IELTS Writing Task One: Process – Milk Production

  1. Pingback: IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Processes – Hydropower | IELTS UNLOCKED

  2. Pingback: IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Processes – Nuclear Power | IELTS UNLOCKED

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