IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Line Graph – TV Viewing Figures

T1 Line Graphs - TV ratings

The line graph shows TV news viewing figures over a one-year period. Write a report of at least 150 words summarizing the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

(1) Line graphs normally have a lot of “ups” and “downs”, so make sure you use a wide range of synonyms (e.g. “increase” “go up” “rise” “climb” “grow”) in order to boost your vocabulary score.

(2) Normally, graphs and charts that have no time period (e.g. “1998” or “1980-2000” or “1980 vs. 1990 vs. 2000”) require you to use the past tense. However, since this example mentions “the 11pm news was introduced on 1st May”, you know that this is talking about data for a specific year rather than a typical/general one, so you can use the past tense.

(3) Make sure that you compare different lines rather than just reporting the changes in each line. Think about things like “the biggest one”, “the highest point”, “the lowest point” and when one line was passed by another one.

(4) You are only writing 150-200 words, so don’t worry about reporting every small change (i.e. from month to month) as you won’t have enough time. Look for periods where there are big changes (or no changes at all!)

(5) Try to use synonyms for other words in the title, such as “viewing figures” (you could say “viewers” or “people who watched” or another appropriate synonyms like “ratings” or “viewership”. However, always make sure you are using an appropriate synonym.

(6) IMPORTANT!!! This line graph has FOUR lines. Take some time BEFORE you start writing to work out how you are going to organize the information. You might notice that the sample answers below are both over 200 words!

NOTE – the following contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple one has some keywords (synonyms, linking words, etc.) included in bold. The advanced version is written at a Band 9 level.

T1 Line Graphs - TV ratings

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Basic)

The line graph shows TV news viewing figures over a one-year period. Write a report of at least 150 words summarizing the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

The line graph indicates the changes in the number of people who watched the news on Channel One over the period of a year. The news is shown at 1pm, 6pm, and 9:30pm, while a new news show at 11pm began on May the 1st.

Overall, the 6pm show usually received the most views, although the 11pm show was watched more in August. Moreover, during August the 9:30pm show plummeted in viewer numbers, passing the 1pm show to become the least watched version of the news.

At the beginning of the year, the 6pm show received almost 5 million viewers, which was the highest number for any show throughout the period. After that, viewer numbers fluctuated with an overall downward trend, and they reached a low in August of around 3.2 million. At this time, the 1130pm news reached its peak of just over 4m viewers after only having around 200000 when it began at the start of May. However, while the 6pm news ended the period at its August-level, the 1130pm news dropped sharply to slightly over 1m viewers.

With regard to the 9:30pm news, its figures climbed steadily until May then plunged to a low of around 1m in May when the 11:00pm news began. From then on, it grew significantly to about 3m in December. Finally, the 1pm show remained stable over the year at about 1.3m views per day. (230 words)

T1 Line Graphs - TV ratings

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

The line graph shows TV news viewing figures over a one-year period. Write a report of at least 150 words summarizing the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

The line graph provides information about the ratings for a news show that aired on Channel One at four different times during the day: 1pm, 6pm, 9:30pm, and 11pm. The latter edition was implemented at the beginning of May.

A broad assessment reveals that although the 6pm news was the most popular show, its viewer numbers decreased over the year and were briefly overtaken in August by the 11pm news. Furthermore, the increase in popularity of the 11pm show saw a corresponding decline in the 9:30pm version, while the 1pm show’s viewership was stable and generally the lowest.

Firstly, the 9:30pm show’s viewers grew steadily from 3.2 million in January to about 3.8 million in May, but then sank rapidly to become the least-watched version by August, with just over a million views. Meanwhile, after starting in May with only approximately 200000 watchers, the 11:30pm news soared to fractionally more than 4m views in August, making it the most-viewed show at this time. Nevertheless, after this surge in ratings, watchers of the latest show shrank dramatically to become the least popular show with slightly under a million views per day, which was just under the 1pm show’s 1.2 million consistent views.

As for the 6pm show, despite being the most popular, its figures fluctuated with an overall decline so that by August it had around three and a quarter million viewers, down from 4.8 million in January. It rebounded to 4 million daily views in September but then continued its general slide, finishing with around 3.2 million people watching it on a daily basis. (257 words)

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

Band 9 Reports: Tables – Mobile Phone Usage

IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Bar Chart – Consumer Goods

IELTS Writing Reports: Tables – Working Hours

 

IELTS Essays (Basic to Band 9): Opinion – Internet Fame (and Infamy)

Internet Famous 1

Nowadays an ordinary person can become popular through the Internet and TV media. Is it a positive or a negative development? Give your opinion and relevant examples

THINGS TO REMEMBER

(1) Obviously, you MUST give your opinion in this essay. However, if the task says “Is it a positive or a negative development, then make sure you mention some ideas for each side in order to boost your Task Response score.

(2) Always try to give at least ONE relevant example in your essay. Examples can come straight after a main idea/topic sentence followed by explanation, or they can come after explanation to make that explanation clearer or more powerful.

(3) Make sure you link similar and different ideas with appropriate words and phrases, such as “Moreover…” “In addition to this…” “Another related point to consider is…” “On the other hand…” “Nevertheless, it must be remembered that…”

(4) To get a high score for Task Response, make sure you try to talk about the internet AND television, not just one.

NOTE – the following contains two sample essays: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple one has some extra tips and useful vocabulary (coherence, linking, synonyms, etc.) are marked in bold. The advanced answer is written at a Band 9 level.

Internet Famous 3

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

Nowadays an ordinary person can become popular through the internet and TV media. Is it a positive or a negative development? Give your opinion and relevant examples.

In the modern world, it is possible for a regular person to become famous online or through TV. This situation has some benefits, but it also has some strong negative effects, which I believe are more serious than the positive ones.

COMMENT – Your introduction can be only two sentences. Paraphrase the topic in the first sentence, then state your plan (give your opinion, discuss both sides, talk about causes and effects, etc.) in the second one.

One of the main benefits is that fame can bring a lot of wealth. Many online celebrities earn millions of dollars through advertising online because so many people watch their channel. For example, Pewdiepie – a vlogger who records himself playing video games – gets millions of views for his videos and is now rich, even though he started as just a normal guy with a webcam, a microphone, and an internet connection. Similarly, on TV there are talent shows, such as America’s Got Talent or American Idol, where typical people can come and show off their skills and maybe become famous.

COMMENT – Try to include some specific examples and try to mention both areas (internet and TV) in your answer.

On the other hand, being well known online or on TV can be extremely negative. Because almost everyone has access to the internet, popular videos or other content can be spread very quickly and this can hurt a normal person who was not looking for fame. For example, someone might make a small joke on Twitter, but if enough people are offended by it, some people might start trying to find the person who made the joke and cause them problems in real life.

COMMENT – Try to use different sentence and paragraph structures if you can. Make sure you link your paragraphs with suitable linking vocabulary.

Overall, I think it is a great thing that modern media gives people more chances to succeed. However, it also leads to a situation where people can have their lives ruined over a small matter, and this is a bigger problem. (266 words)

COMMENT – Briefly mention the side you didn’t choose, then explain why you think the other side is stronger/more important. You can summarize your ideas from the body but make sure you use different vocabulary.

Internet Famous 2

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

Nowadays an ordinary person can become popular through the Internet and TV media. Is it a positive or a negative development? Give your opinion and relevant examples.

Television and especially the internet have made it possible for an everyday person to become a celebrity much more easily in the past. However, this phenomenon has also created a situation where this can lead to a regular, innocent person having their life devastated. Therefore, it seems that despite the positive aspects of this development, the negative effects are more apparent.

The ability to become popular through digital media obviously leads to the opportunity to become rich and famous. In the past, this was controlled by film studio executives and record labels, but now a typical person can become a star simply by word of mouth. For example, many popular Youtube stars became famous (and wealthy) simply by their fans sharing their content and then things snowballed from there.

Nevertheless, the dark side of this ease of access to fame is that it can lead to infamy for a person who maybe did not do much to deserve it. For every example of a new star emerging from the internet or a TV talent show, there are myriad more instances of Everyday Joes who have been harassed and had their lives ruined because of public scrutiny. Furthermore, this can arise when someone is completely innocent, such as in the case of online bullying, or even when someone seeks out attention but is ruthlessly mocked for trying to do something creative.

Overall, an increase in the ability for people to express themselves and their creativity is a desirable thing in general. However, in reality the opportunity to become popular is also the opportunity to become popular for the wrong reasons. (268 words)

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

IELTS Writing Task 2 (Real Test): Agree or Disagree – Animal Exploitation

IELTS Real Test Essay: Opinion – News and Media

BAND 9.0 Essays: Reasons and Opinion – Gender Preferences in Studying (Real Test 2017)

 

IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Pie Charts – Economy of Turkey

T1 Pie Charts - Turkey Economy

The pie charts above show the percentages of industry sectors contributed to the economy of Turkey in 2000 and 2016. Write a report of at least 150 words reporting the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER BEFORE WRITING

(1) In this type of task you have two pie charts representing two different years. Therefore, before you write organize the categories/types of thing into the ones that went up, the ones that went down, and the ones that stayed (more or less) the same.

(2) IELTS reports MUST include an overview. Your overview should report the biggest/most noticeable features of the charts. Then, your body should help to make this clearer.

(3) Try to organise the body in a clear way. The pie charts in this example contain 8 different categories, so try to group them based on increases, or decreases, or stability, or even something they have in common.

(4) It is VERY important that you don’t just list the information e.g. “In 2000 X was this. However, in 2016 X was this.” You need to make comparisons.

NOTE: The following contains TWO sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple one has some advice/tips and includes useful linking, describing, and comparative vocabulary in bold. The advanced version is written at a Band 9 level.

T1 Pie Charts - Turkey Economy

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Basic)

The pie charts above show the percentages of industry sectors contributed to the economy of Turkey in 2000 and 2016. Write a report of at least 150 words reporting the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

STEP ONE: Introduction – “The pie charts illustrate the changes in the contributions of different areas to the Turkish economy between 2000 and 2016.”

COMMENT – Always try to change the verb “show” to something else. Try to change common words (e.g. “sectors”) to a synonym. If you can’t think of an appropriate synonym, then change the grammatical structure. For example, “contributed” (verb) has been changed to “contributions” (noun).

STEP TWO – Overview – “Overall, the biggest drop was in agriculture, while the area that had the greatest growth was construction. The remaining sectors all grew or decreased to smaller amounts, while healthcare remained unchanged.”

COMMENT – Your overview only needs to be 1-2 sentences. You do NOT have to give any specific data (numbers/figures). Make sure you make comparisons (e.g. “biggest” or “greatest”) and try not to repeat the vocabulary you use when making comparisons.

STEP THREE – Body 1 “In 2000, agriculture made the largest contribution to the Turkish economy, with a percentage of 24%. However, by 2016 this figure had fallen sharply to just 14%. The leisure/hospitality and government sectors also dropped. The first went down  from 17% to 14%, while the second decreased by one-quarter from 12% to 9%. The last sector to decline was trade, utilities and transport, which had a small decrease from 16 to 14%.”

COMMENT – Always try to use synonyms when talking about “up” and “down”. Even at a low level, you should try to use different words to report the information. In the paragraph above, “fall”, “drop” “decrease” and “go down” are all used.

STEP THREE (cont’d.) Body 2 – “On the other hand, the building sector had the largest growth, increasing by more than three times from 3% to 10%. Manufacturing was another sector with significant growth as it grew by one and a half times from 8% to 12%. Finance, business and other sector had a similar increase to manufacturing, beginning at 5% and ending at 8%. Finally, the contribution of healthcare and education stayed the same at 17%. (172 words)

T1 Pie Charts - Turkey Economy

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

The pie charts above show the percentages of industry sectors contributed to the economy of Turkey in 2000 and 2016. Write a report of at least 150 words reporting the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

“The pie charts provide an illustration of the particular contributions various economic sectors made to the overall Turkish economy in two years: 2000 and 2016.

A brief assessment of the charts reveals that the most significant increases were in the construction and manufacturing industries, while government, and especially agriculture, experienced declines.

At the beginning of the 21st century, the agricultural sector contributed just under a quarter to the total economic output of Turkey, but by 2016 this figure had fallen dramatically to just 14%. The government sector also saw a sharp decrease, falling by a quarter to 9% in 2016. Leisure and hospitality also went down, but to a lesser degree, dropping to 14% from a 2000-level of 17%.

In terms of sector growth, the most substantial rise was in the building sector, which had been the least significant sector in 2000. By 2016, it had expanded to 10% of Turkey’s economy from a proportion of just 3% sixteen years prior. A major climb was also seen in manufacturing, with a 50% rise from 8 to 12%. The financial sector had a comparable increase, rising from 5% to 8%: a relative improvement of 60%. Finally, the sector defined as trade, utilities and transportation went up slightly from 14 to 16%, while the contribution of the combined health and education sectors remained constant at 17%.” (203 words)

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

Band 9 Reports: Pie Charts – Energy Production

BAND 9.0 Reports: Pie Charts – Waste Disposal

IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Pie Charts – Energy Sources

IELTS Essays (Basic to Band 9): Discuss – Children’s Development

Childhood Development 2

 

Some people think that family has the most important influence on children’s development, while others believe that factors such as TV, friends, music and books have a more significant impact. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

1. This is a discuss essay. You must discuss both sides AND give your opinion

2. You can give your opinion in the introduction or wait until the conclusion. In the following samples, the opinion is given in the conclusion after each side has been discussed.

3. Try to cover all parts of the question i.e. role of family vs. role of TV, music, books, and friends. Don’t just talk about family vs. TV, for example.

4. Work on perfecting your essay STRUCTURE before you worry about advanced vocabulary and complex grammar. You can compare the differences in grammar and (especially) vocabulary below.

NOTE – The following contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple one contains some advice and has some key linking words and phrases included in bold. The advance one is written at a Band 9 level and has some advanced vocabulary included in italics.

Childhood Development 4

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

Some people think that family has the most important influence on children’s development, while others believe that factors such as TV, friends, music and books have a more significant impact. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

“Although it is often said that family is the largest influence on a child’s development, there are are some who think that other causes, like TV and friends, have a greater effect. This essay will look at both sides of the issue and then give an overall view.”

COMMENTS – 1. Note how the keywords in the essay prompt have been replace with synonyms e.g. “most important” –> “largest”, “factors” –> “causes” 2. Note how the grammatical structure of the question has also been changed i.e. “Some people think…while others…” –> “Although it is often said…there are some who…”

On one side, it is clear that family does have a major influence in a young person’s life. We spend most of our time with our families when we are little and it is our surroundings that lead us to what we become as adults. For example, children who grow up in a difficult family situation, such as a violent one, often develop social or mental problems that can affect them for their whole life. Also, we usually eat with our families and diet has a big influence on our development. This is shown by the fact that children of obese parents are much more likely to have problems with weight when they’re older.

COMMENTS – 1. Note how each idea is linked and explained with a range of linking vocabulary. 2. You should aim for at least one example in your essay. This paragraph has two!

However, even when children are at home, they are being influence by other things than family. Children love watching TV as well as reading books and listening to music, and all of these can have a huge influence on them, especially if they are watching or listening to things that contain a lot of violence or other things that are inappropriate for children. Moreover, when children are with other children at school or somewhere else then this is what influences their development. They might learn some bad behaviours that they never would have learned at home.

COMMENTS – 1. Try to cover all parts of the essay topic. The topic mentions family vs. TV, music, books, and friends. Try to cover all these things if you can. 2. If you’re not sure how to write something (if you don’t know the exact word perhaps) then try to write it in general terms. For example, “things that are inappropriate for children” or “or somewhere else”

To conclude,  it seems that children’s development is affected by family and other things in their life. Because children normally spend so much time with their families, it is likely that this is the biggest factor, although it depends on what kinds of things they do when they are not around their families. (311 words)

COMMENTS – 1. Try to pick one side so that your view is clear, but you can also give some balance by mentioning the other side too. 2. Try to briefly summarise your views from the body without repeating yourself with the same words.

Childhood Development 3

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

Some people think that family has the most important influence on children’s development, while others believe that factors such as TV, friends, music and books have a more significant impact. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Childhood development is determined by a range of factors. It is widely held that family plays the largest role in determining how a child develops, but there are other influences, like media and peers, that may be even more significant.

To begin with the relevance of family in a child’s growth, it seems obvious that families have a huge influence on children because this is where children spend most of their time. During this time, children not only learn manners and other standards of behaviour, like polite speech, but also about diet and discipline and a huge array of other essential elements of life. This is supported by the fact that the vast majority of criminals cite a troubled family life as the reason for their offending.

Nevertheless, the role of factors like TV, music, books, and friends cannot be overlooked. Even when a child is at home ‘with the family’, they may be learning from other sources. For example, if they view violent content on TV or listen to music with offensive lyrics, this might have a greater influence on them than their family. Similarly, if children fall in with the wrong crowd, then this might have an extremely negative impact on them as they could be exposed to drugs or other social dangers.

Broadly speaking, it seems that for many people family will be the main determiner of how a child develops. Even if a child is exposed to harmful influences outside the family circle, a good family can correct this and make sure the child develops into a responsible and mature adult. (265 words)

Childhood Development 1

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

IELTS Band 9.0 Essays Real Test: Discuss – Responsibility for Pollution

Band 9 Essays: Discuss Both Sides – Art at School

Band 9 Essays: Discuss – Video Games

IELTS Task One (Basic to Band 9): Maps – Fonton and Meadowside

T1 Maps - Fonton

The maps show changes in the village of Meadowside and the town of Fonton from 1962 to now. Write a report of at least 150 words describing the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

(1) Maps are basically describing “what” and “where” several times. Therefore, try to have a good vocabulary for describing position and be careful of the tense you are using.

(2) To respond appropriately to this task, you must do THREE things: (i) Paraphrase the title for your introduction (ii) Give an overview which describes the main changes over the period. Remember that the changes are normally “big” or “significant” (iii) organise your body in a clear way that will support the overview e.g. in this example, there are THREE maps/time periods, so the body is divided into three paragraphs.

(3) Make sure you COMPARE the things that have changed – been added/removed/altered, although like with many Task 1 examples, you might not have time to write about every little detail.

(4) Be careful with TENSE. In this example, the first two maps are in the past, but the third is in the present. Therefore, for the first two you should use past perfect or simple past, but for the third one you should use present simple or present perfect depending on how you structure your answer. See the sample below for more help.

NOTE – the following contains two sample answer: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple one has linking vocabulary and other useful common words included in italics. The advanced one is written at a Band 9 level and has useful vocabulary and synonyms included in bold.

T1 Maps - Fonton

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

The maps show changes in the village of Meadowside and the town of Fonton from 1962 to now. Write a report of at least 150 words describing the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

The maps illustrate the developments that took place in Meadowside and the neighbouring town of Fonton. The maps show the area in three periods: 1962, 1985, and the present.

Overall, both places had large growth and development of buildings and facilities over the period and now have joined into one large area with Meadowside village now being a suburb of the town of Fonton.

In 1962, the towns were completely separated from each other. Meadowside had a road running through it from the southwest to the northeast, while Fonton had a rail line passing through from the southeast to the northwest.

By 1985, both areas had expanded significantly. There was now a road linking the village and the town, while the old road had also been made bigger to match the size of the new one. In Meadowside, a housing estate, a leisure center, and a super-store had been built next to the first road.

Currently, Meadowside and Fonton have joined and the empty area that used to be between them now has a business park to the south of the road and a hotel to the north. Moreover, a train station has been added next to the road with a new line connecting to the old one. (205 words)

T1 Maps - Fonton

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

The maps show changes in the village of Meadowside and the town of Fonton from 1962 to now. Write a report of at least 150 words describing the main features and making comparisons where relevant.

The maps provide a broad outline of the expansion of a village called Meadowside and a town called Fonton over three periods of time: 1962, 1985, and the present day.

Overall, both areas experienced significant growth, and by the end of the period Meadowside had been absorbed into Fonton and was now referred to as the suburb of Meadowside.

In 1962, Meadowside and Fonton were separated by a strip of empty land with no transport links between them. Access to Meadowside was provided by a road running through the village from the southwest to the northeast, while Fonton was serviced by a railway that passed through the town from the southeast to the northwest.

Just over two decades later, the two areas had spread out noticeably and had also been joined by a new road running east-west. In Meadowside, a leisure center and housing estate had been built to the north of the original road, while a superstore now stood to the south of the housing estate and the old road.

Presently, the two areas have become one and a large amount of new infrastructure has been built in the empty area that used to lie between the two. A business park has been established to the south of the connecting road, while on the opposite side of the road to this a train station with a line joining the original one has been constructed. Finally, sometime between 1985 and now a hotel was opened just to the north of the railway station. (249 words)

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

IELTS BAND 9.0 Writing Task 1 Reports: Maps – Seatown 1998 vs. Now

Band 9 Reports: Maps – Island Resort

IELTS Speaking Part 3 Real Test: Public Speaking

Pubic Speaking 1

NOTE -The following contains questions from Part 3 of the Speaking section of a recent IELTS exam. Each question contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple ones show you how to give an answer when you are not confident in your speaking ability or you don’t know much about the topic. The advanced answers are at a Band 9 level and are to give advanced speakers some ideas about what to say.
QUESTION ONE – Is it important to be a good listener?

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple) – “Yes, I think that’s important. Listening well means that you will get all the necessary information, so you will know what to do or won’t make a mistake. Also, if you don’t listen then people might think you’re selfish – you only care about yourself.”

TIP – If you’re not confident in speaking, try to paraphrase the question in a simple way that shows your view. You can just say “Yes” or “I agree”. Try to give some simple clear reasons for your view and make sure you link your ideas (even with simple words like “Also…”)

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced) – “Yes, I totally agree – I think being a good listener is an essential skill. Being a good listener means that people will value your opinions more because they will go to you then they have a problem because they know you’ll pay attention to it. I guess good listeners also make fewer mistakes because they get the key information and can act on it.”

TIP – For a higher marker, try to use synonyms for some of the keywords in the question. In this example, “important” has been changed to “essential”.
Pubic Speaking 2
QUESTION TWO – What is the best way to remember the main idea of a discussion?

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple) – “I think the best way to remember the main idea of a talk is to listen carefully. By that I mean, try to pay attention to the main things the speaker says like, “The key point is…” or “The main thing to remember is…” I think that will help you to remember the most important things.”

TIP – Explain your main ideas with phrases like “What I mean by that is…” or “By that I mean…”

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced) – “During a discussion, the speaker or speakers often mark the key points with certain phrases, such as “What we need to remember is…” or “The key point here is…” By focussing on these markers, we can force ourselves to concentrate more. Also, it can be useful to try and put the main ideas in our own words, which can make it easier to remember them.

Public Speaking 3
QUESTION THREE – What professions require experience in public speaking?

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple) – “I think jobs where you have to work with a large number of people require good public speaking skills. For example, if you are a manager of a company, you might have to speak to all your employees. Another one is politicians because they have to be able to communicate with the public and often get them to vote for them.”

TIP – When you have to list some things (e.g. “professions” “sports” etc.) try to add a little information for each one. For example, instead of just saying “managers, politicians,…” give some simple reasons.

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced) – “There are a range of occupations that require some level of public speaking ability. Managers need to speak to their employees and even an ordinary office worker might need to make a presentation to a group of people. Not to mention, people like celebrities and politicians who are in the public eye and often have to undergo media-training in order to speak well in public.”

TIP – Use wide range of suitable linking vocabulary e.g. “Not to mention…” If you can use some idioms and advanced language like “in the public eye” or “undergo media-training”, then that’s great too.

Practice public speaking

QUESTION FOUR – Is confidence the most important trait for public speaking?

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple) – “I don’t know if it’s the most important, but I think having confidence is one of the most important. Many people are nervous when they have to speak in front of a large group of people and they might forget what they were going to say. If you’re confident, you can just relax and say what you were going to say.”

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced) – “I definitely agree that being confident in your public speaking skills is important, especially as public speaking is many people’s number one fear. However, I don’t think it guarantees that you will be a good speaker. There’s a ton of other stuff that is just as important, such as speaking to the crowd – I mean using language that is relevant to the audience you’re speaking to or that they will understand – and also organising your speech in a clear way is certainly important.

TIP – Try to explain your main ideas in a clear way e.g. what do you mean by “speaking to the crowd”? Remember also that Part 3 is more academic but you can also use some everyday spoken language e.g. “There’s a ton of other stuff…”

Feel free to leave any comments or questions you may have

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING LINKS USEFUL

BAND 9.0 Speaking: Part 3 – Gifts

IELTS Speaking Part 3 (Real Test): Historical Places

Band 9 Speaking Pt.3 – Endangered Animals

IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Pie Charts – Energy Sources

 

T1 Pie Charts - Energy Sources

The pie charts show the electricity generated in Germany and France from all sources in the year 2009. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

(1) There is quite a lot of data in these pie charts. Take some time to work out how you’re going to organise it before you start writing. Remember that you need to make comparisons and present the information in a clear way. Do NOT just list the figures without any analysis.

(2) Your introduction should paraphrase the title you are given, so think about some synonyms for the keywords (e.g. “electricity generated” –> “power produced”) or how you can change their grammatical structure (e.g. “electricity generated” –> “the generation of electricity”).

(3) You MUST include an overview. Ask yourself what are the things that stand out/the things that you notice immediately. You should notice that there are big differences in energy sources in both countries in terms of all types and renewables.

(4) Think about how you will organise your body. Will you have one paragraph for Germany and one for France, or will you have one paragraph for all types and one paragraph for renewables?

(5) Remember to make comparisons. You don’t have to compare every little thing, but make sure you compare big difference and similarities.

NOTE – The following contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple one has linking vocabulary highlighted in bold. The advanced one has high-level vocabulary highlighted in italics.

Energy Sources

 

T1 Pie Charts - Energy Sources

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

The pie charts show the electricity generated in Germany and France from all sources in the year 2009. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The pie charts present some information about the ways power was produced in 2009 in Germany and France.

Overall, both countries used different ways to generate electricity, although renewable types of energy only made up a small amount of total power generation in both countries.

In Germany, around 60% of power was generated from conventional thermal sources, while in France this figure was much lower at just over 10%. The largest source of energy in France was nuclear at about three-quarters. However, Germany produced about three times less energy in this way.

As for renewables, they made up the rest of the power generated, with a figure of 17.4% in Germany and 13.7% in France. Germany’s main sources of renewables were biomass (39.3%) and wind (36.9%). Another sixth was taken up by hydroelectric, while the remaining 6.1% of renewable energy came from solar. On the other hand, about four-fifths of France’s renewable energy came from hydroelectric. As a result, energy production from wind (10.5%) and biomass (8.1%) was much lower than in Germany, while solar was as well with a tiny 0.9%. Finally, neither country produced any power from geothermal sources. (180 words)

 

T1 Pie Charts - Energy Sources

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

The pie charts show the electricity generated in Germany and France from all sources in the year 2009. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The pie charts provide a breakdown of the various sources of conventional and renewable energy sources that were exploited in Germany and France in the year 2009.

A broad assessment of the charts reveals that there were major differences in electricity production in France and Germany in terms of all types of power and in the specific area of renewables.

In both countries, renewables only constituted a small part of total energy production, with figures of 17.4% in Germany and an even lower 13.7% in France. In Germany, the majority of power came from conventional thermal sources, while in the France just over three-quarters of all electricity was generated from nuclear. Conversely, approximately a quarter of German electricity came from nuclear and about one-tenth of French power came from conventional thermal generation plants.

With respect to renewables, Germany relied on biomass (39.3%) and wind (36.9%) for more than 75% of its renewable power, whereas France only acquired 10.5% of its renewable total from this and even less from biomass (8.1%). In fact, the bulk of France’s renewable energy came from hydroelectric at just over 80%, with solar contributing with a meager 0.9%. Germany also produced a minimal amount of solar energy (6.1%) albeit still significantly higher than France, while its hydroelectric production was dramatically lower at 17.7%. A final point to note is that neither country produced any power from geothermal sources. (220 words)

Feel free to leave any comments or questions you may have

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

BAND 9.0 Reports: Pie Charts – Waste Disposal

Band 9 Reports: Pie Charts – Energy Production

Band 9 Reports: Pie Charts Pt.1 – Different Diets

IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Processes – Hydropower

Hydropower 1

T1 Process - Hydropower

THINGS TO REMEMBER
  1. Processes can seem very difficult because you may not know some (or a lot!) of the words/terms used in the diagram. Take a minute or two to follow the process in your mind before you start to write.
  2. If you don’t know a word, then just copy it with an appropriate verb. For example, if you don’t know what “high-voltage cables” are, you can just write, “the power is sent through high-voltage cables”. Similarly, if you don’t know what “evaporation” is, you write something like, “The sun heats the water, which leads to evaporation.”
  3. Use a range of linking words and phrases to separate the steps.
  4. You don’t need to be an expert on the topic in the diagram, but if you know some relevant advanced vocabulary, then use it. In the samples below, the simple one assumes you don’t know much, while the advanced one uses a lot of specific vocabulary to do with the water cycle and power generation.
  5. Remember in Task 1 that you must give an overview. In a process, this can be difficult, so at least aim to say how many stages there are and/or state the beginning and end stages.
NOTE – The following contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advance one. The simple one has key linking words and phrases included in bold. The advanced one has some useful high-level vocabulary included in italics. The advanced sample is written at a Band 9 level.

T1 Process - Hydropower

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE – Simple

The diagram provides an outline of the stages in generating electricity from water. The process begins with water in the ocean and ends with power being provided to buildings, such as hospitals and schools.

To begin with, the heat of the sun evaporates water in the ocean. As a result, the water rises and forms into clouds. When it rains, these clouds drop some of their water into a reservoir, which is a large area used to store water. The water is kept in the reservoir with a dam that can be opened with a valve to release water down a hill. When the valve is opened the water flows down the hill and spins a turbine, sending electricity through high-voltage cables to a transformer station. From the transformer station, the electricity is sent to various places where it is needed, such as homes and factories.

An extra point to note is that after the water passes through the turbine, it is pumped back up into the reservoir using extra power that is available so that the water can be used again to spin the turbines and generate power. (189 words)

 

T1 Process - Hydropower

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO – Advanced

The diagram shows how hydro-electric power is generated. Write a report of at least 150 words describing the main details.

The diagram outlines the principal stages involved in hydro-electric power generation. This process has its origins in the natural water cycle and concludes with power being provided to relevant infrastructure.

At first, solar energy heats water in the ocean, causing it to evaporate. As the water vapour rises, it condenses and forms into clouds which move over the land. Eventually, the clouds will drop rain, some of which will fall into a reservoir. The water stored in this area is kept back by a dam, which contains a valve to open and close it. When the valve is released, water flows down a steep incline and its momentum spins a turbine, producing power. At this point, most of the power is transferred through high-voltage lines to  a transformer station, which converts the power into a voltage that is suitable for the electricity needs of the local area.

Finally, it is important to state that some of the surplus power generated by the turbine is used to pump the water back up into the reservoir so that it can be used to meet electricity demands in the future. (186 words)

Hydropower 2

Feel free to leave any questions or comments you may have

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

IELTS Writing Task One: Process – Milk Production

Band 9 Reports: Process – Making Concrete

Band 9 Reports: Diagram – Canning Pears

IELTS Essays (Basic to Band 9): Pros, Cons, and Opinion

International Tourism 2

Since traveling abroad has become relatively inexpensive more countries are opening their doors to foreign tourists. Is it a positive or negative trend? Give your opinion and include relevant examples.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

(1) Read the question carefully and work out what TYPE of essay you need to write. In this example, you need to give your opinion but also mention some positive and negative sides. Use this to organise your essay structure.

(2) Don’t spend too much time on an introduction. Paraphrase the topic and then either give your opinion or say that you’re going to look at the positives and negatives and then give your opinion (in the conclusion).

(3) Link your sentences and paragraphs with suitable transitional vocabulary. For this question, you will have to mention something about the good and the bad, so make sure you connect these part with words/phrases like “However…” “Nevertheless…” “On the other hand…” etc.

(4) When you state your opinion, try to give some brief reasons why you think the good outweighs the bad or the bad the good.

NOTE – The following contains two sample essays: a simple one and an advanced one. This simple one contains some explanation and advice, while the advanced one uses higher level vocabulary and grammar and is at a Band 9 level.

International Travel 6

SAMPLE ESSAY ONE (Simple)

Since traveling abroad has become relatively inexpensive more countries are opening their doors for foreign tourists. Is it a positive or negative trend? Give your opinion and include relevant examples.

Because travelling to another country costs less money nowadays, more and more tourists are going to other countries. I think that, while this trend has some negative parts, it is mostly beneficial.

COMMENTS – Always try to have some synonyms for common words like “positive”, such as “beneficial”, even if you are not a strong writer.

On the positive side, travel is the best way for people to experience a new culture and see how other people live. This is good because if people from different parts of the world can see that people in most places are more or less the same, then it will make them more understanding of their problems and maybe help to reduce fighting between countries.

Moreover, tourists can bring in a lot of money which is good for the economy of a country. Travellers spend money on food, accommodation, shopping, and visiting tourist attractions, which all help to grow the local economy. In fact, tourism plays major role in the economy of many countries, although it can cause some problem when a country relies too much on tourism and tourists stop coming.

COMMENT – You can add some opposite ideas in the same paragraph. For example, the above paragraph is about the positives (“good for the economy”), but the last sentence has a negative side too (“although…”)

On the other hand, more international travellers can have a negative effect on cultural understanding. Many tourists do not respect the local laws and customs, especially if they think they are important because they are wealthy enough to travel. For example, in the past it was American tourists who were known for being loud and rude, and now it is Chinese tourists as China’s economy grows and more people can afford to travel.

COMMENT – If the question asks for an example, then make sure your give one. Always aim for at least one specific example in an IELTS essay.

Overall, it seems that more international travel is good for cultural understanding and economic growth, even though it can lead to people having a bad impression about some groups of people. (268 words).

COMMENTS – Your conclusion should summarize your main ideas and clearly state your opinion. Don’t spend too much time on this and make sure you leave enough time to proofread. Like your introduction, your conclusion only needs to be two sentences (the one above is only ONE!)

International Tourism 1

SAMPLE ESSAY TWO (Advanced)

Since traveling abroad has become relatively inexpensive more countries are opening their doors for foreign tourists. Is it a positive or negative trend? Give your opinion and include relevant examples.

Relatively speaking, international travel is considerably less costly than it has been historically. As a result, an increasing number of countries are welcoming foreign tourists to their shores. While this phenomenon is largely a desirable one, it also has some negative aspects that cannot be ignored.

It is often said that “travel is the cure to prejudice”. In other words, travel helps people to see how others live, to understand their history and their culture, and to appreciate life more. By seeing another way of life, people are forced to challenge their preconceived notions about life and potentially live a better one. Nevertheless, it is important to remember that exposure to different cultures can lead to conflict, especially when there is a lack of respect. A prominent example of this is tourists from countries with a large number of newly-rich citizens who use their newfound wealth to travel overseas where they behave terribly either because they think their money permits such behaviour or that is how they act in their own countries.

As mentioned above, travel normally goes hand-in-hand with money, and international travel can certainly be a boon for local economies as tourists open their pockets. However, this economic advantage can, like in so many situations, lead to disastrous outcomes. A good example of this is popular tourist spots, like Angkor Wat or Ha Long Bay, slowly being damaged and polluted due to an unsustainably high number of tourists who drive the local economy while also being part of its eventual downfall.

Generally speaking, international travel leads to cultural interaction and economic growth, which are desirable and should be encouraged. Conversely, travelling abroad also requires a level of respect for the host culture as well as recognition of the fact that the short-term economic benefits may be outweighed by the negative long-term environment effects. (305 words)

Feel free to leave any comments or questions you may have.

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

IELTS Sample Essays (Real Test): Reasons and Opinion – Sport and Gender

Band 9 Essays: Discuss Both Sides – Art at School

BAND 9.0 Essays – Discuss: Sharing of Knowledge

 

 

 

 

IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Bar Chart – Consumer Goods

Consumer Goods

T1 Bar Charts - Household Goods

THINGS TO REMEMBER

(1) Your report should contain: an introduction, an overview, and a body. The introduction should paraphrase the title. The overview should give the reader the main features/trends/details. The body should support the overview with specific figures and comparisons if relevant.

(2) The best way to think of a report is that you are describing something visual (a graph, chart, table, etc.) using words. Therefore, the reader should be able to picture what you’ve described and even re-draw it based on your description.

(3) Use a range of linking words and phrases to connect your report.

(4) Try to think of some synonyms if you can, but be careful that you are accurately describing the data. Try not to repeat any common words e.g. if you use “increase” then try to think of a different verb or noun (“rise”, “climb”, etc.) next time you need to say “increase”

(5) Try to use a range of way to report data. For example, “25%” can be “one quarter”.

(6) Pay attention to the time. In this example, it is 2010 so your report should use past tense to report the data.

NOTE – The following contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. The simple one has some step-by-step instructions, while the advanced one follows on from the simple one with some extra vocabulary and grammar. The simple version is to show some of the basics of writing reports, while the advanced version is supposed to demonstrate a Band 9.0 level answer.
T1 Bar Charts - Household Goods
SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

STEP ONE – Introduction (paraphrase the title)

“The chart provides an overview of the types of consumer goods that people spent money on in France and the UK in 2010 measured in pounds sterling.”

STEP TWO – Overview (main features)

“Overall, it is clear to see that people in the UK spent more on cars, books, and cameras, while people in France spend more on computers and perfume.”

STEP THREE (Body)

The biggest category in both countries was cars. People in the UK spent just over 450000 on this category, while in France spending was a little lower at around 400000. The second highest category in the UK was books, with spending of slightly over 400000. However, in France, buying books was less common and it was the third-most popular category as people only spent around 300000 on them. Computers were the second-most popular consumer product in France with spending of about 380000, while in the UK, computers were fourth on the spending list at 350000.

The biggest difference in spending was related to cameras. Whereas the UK spent just over 350000 on cameras, people in France spent less than half this amount at round 150000. Finally, the French spent about 200000 on perfume, which was noticeably higher than the UK’s figure of about 145000.” (188 words)

NOTE – Notice how the words in bold provide a comparison of the data which is very important.

T1 Bar Charts - Household Goods

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

“The chart provides a simple breakdown of consumer expenditure on five common products in France and the UK in 2010.

A brief assessment of the data reveals that, while people in the UK spent more on cars, books, and cameras, expenditure in France was higher for computers and perfume.

The greatest amount of expenditure in both countries was on cars. In the UK, just over 450000 was spent on this category, while in France the figure was moderately lower at around 400000. Books were the product with the second-highest level of expenditure in the UK at marginally over 400000, while in France spending on books was noticeably lower at approximately 300000. The most substantial difference was in spending on cameras, with the UK’s figure of a little more than 350000 being much higher than France’s more meager 150000.

In the remaining two categories, the French spent more on computers than their UK counterparts, although the difference (380000 vs. 350000) was not that significant. Finally, people in France spent a considerably larger amount on perfume than people in the UK, with the latter expending 200000 and the former around 145000.” (178 words)

Feel free to leave any comments or questions you may have

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED LINKS USEFUL

IELTS Task 1 Writing: Mixed Task – Bar Chart and Line Graph

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – Air Pollution

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – House Prices