IELTS Reports: Line Graphs – Clothing Exports

T1 Line Graphs - Clothing Exports

The graph above gives information on the differences in clothing exports from three different countries. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER BEFORE YOU WRITE

(1) You must write at least 150 words. Answers that score high marks are normally closer to 200 words, although it is possible to achieve the maximum mark in 150 words.

(2) Make sure you use paragraphs. If your writing is one big block of words, you will score poorly for coherence and cohesion.

(3) Try to think of as many different ways you can to write about the repeated words you will use. For example, in this task, you will be repeating words like “clothing” and “exports”, so try to use variations like “clothes”, “exported”, “exporting”. Similarly, change the grammatical structure of the countries (e.g. “Colombia” –> “Colombian”, “Japan” –> “Japanese”). However, remember that if you are not sure of a synonym DON’T use it.

(4) To achieve a high vocabulary score, you should aim to NOT repeat describing words. For example, if you use “increase” then next time something “increases” use “climb”, “rise”, etc.

(5) Try to organise your answer in a clear way and make sure you make comparisons (i.e. which is the biggest, which is the smallest, etc.) In a line graph, you have two main ways to organise your answer. One is to organise your body based on the years. This means you will talk about the data for each country in each year. The other way is to organise it based on the countries. In the sample answers below, the first one is done based on year, and the second is done based on the countries. You can decide which is easier for you.

(6) In Task 1, you MUST include an overview. This can come after your introduction or as a conclusion, but you MUST tell the reader what are the main/key/overall points. For a line graph, this is normally whether the lines “went up”, “went down” or “fluctuated” or whether they were higher or lower at the end than they were at the start.

NOTE – The following contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. Both samples contain useful linking vocabulary in italics and useful vocabulary in bold. Each answer also contains some tips to help you write your own reports. The advanced version is written at a Band 9 level.

Clothing Exports

SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

T1 Line Graphs - Clothing Exports

The graph above gives information on the differences in clothing exports from three different countries. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The line graph shows data about exports of clothing in millions of dollars per year in three countries from 1999 to 2003.

Overall, the value of clothing exports in the three nations varied during the period, and the country with the highest amount of clothes exported also changed.

COMMENT – Notice how the overview gives the reader the overall picture. In other words, how did the lines change and which was the biggest.

In 1999, Japan was the biggest exporter, with a figure of around 580 million dollars. Colombia’s exports were about 100 million lower, while Myanmar’s exports were almost zero. However, in the following year, Myanmar’s exports rose dramatically to just over 800 million dollars, making it the largest clothing exporter. Colombia’s exports also climbed to around 520 million, whereas Japan’s dropped slightly to about 540 million.

COMMENT – Notice how a range of vocabulary is used (“biggest” vs. “largest) and how the adverbs (“dramatically” and “slightly”) are used to show the changes more clearly.

In the next year, Myanmar’s exports increased even more to about 950 million, which was the highest figure in the whole period. Colombia’s exports also continued to rise to a little over 650 million, while Japan’s grew again to around 600 million. However, while Colombia’s exports kept going up in the next year to 700 million, Japan’s dropped again to about 570 million. Furthermore, Myanmar’s exports experienced a huge fall to around 350 million. Nevertheless, in the final year, Myanmar’s exports recovered a little to about 430 million, while Colombia’s fell to just over 600 million, and Japan’s declined again to just under 500 million. (201 words)

Clothing Exports 1

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

T1 Line Graphs - Clothing Exports

The graph above gives information on the differences in clothing exports from three different countries. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The line graph presents an overview of the variations in the value of clothing exports between 1999 and 2003 in three nations: Colombia, Japan, and Myanmar.

Overall, there were some major fluctuations in the value of clothing exported from these three nations, with the largest exporter changing hands multiple times.

The largest exporter in 1999 was Japan, with exports of approximately 580 million dollars. However, in the following year, Japanese clothing exports dipped slightly to around 540 million, before recovering in the next year to a figure of 600 million. Nevertheless, in the final two years, the value of clothes exported from Japan fell once more, and by the end of the period it stood at marginally under 500 million.

COMMENT – Notice how all the information given is linked with a range of transition vocabulary (“However”, “Nevertheless”, etc.)

Colombia was second on the list in 1999, exporting clothing worth around 470 million dollars. This figure continued to rise, and by 2002 it stood at 700 million, making Colombia the biggest exporter at that time. In contrast, in the final year, Colombian exports dropped noticeably, finishing at a little above 600 million.

Finally, in 1999, Myanmar’s clothing exports were almost non-existent. However, over the next year, they soared to 800 million, then continued to climb to around 950 million in 2001. Conversely, 2002 saw a massive drop to just 350 million, meaning that in one year, Myanmar went from by far the largest exporter to easily the smallest. Nonetheless, in the final year, the export value of clothing manufactured in Myanmar regained some its previous losses, ending the duration at about 440 million dollars. (236 words)

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED POSTS USEFUL

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IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Tables – Fair Trade Coffee and Bananas

IELTS Writing Task One: Line Graph – Female Members of Parliament

 

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