IELTS Task One Writing: Bar Charts – Electricity Consumption

Electricity 2
T1 Bar Charts - Electicity Consumption
The bar chart above shows the top ten countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
THINGS TO REMEMBER BEFORE WRITING

(1) Read the instructions! Your job is NOT to list the numbers. You MUST give comparisons where relevant. This means you should think about which are the highest and lowest. Which figures are similar? Which figures are very different? Can you group the data in some way?

(2) Make sure you have an overview that gives the main details about the chart (without data). This is normally the things you notice immediately. For example, China and the USA are much bigger than the rest, Germany is the only one that consumes more than it produces, etc.

(3) Try to use a range of vocabulary when reporting data, but be careful when using synonyms for the topic words (i.e. “consumption” “production” “electricity” etc.) Words like “power” for “electricity” and “generate” for “produce” are good synonyms. If you are not sure about synonyms, change the grammar (e.g. “consumption” –> “consumed”). If you are not sure about a good synonym, do NOT use it. Your first goal is to be clear!

NOTE – the following contains two sample answers: a simple one and an advanced one. Both sample answer have useful linking vocabulary included in italics and synonyms and advanced vocabulary are included in bold. The advanced answer is written at a Band 9 level.
Electricity 3
SAMPLE ANSWER ONE (Simple)

T1 Bar Charts - Electicity Consumption

The bar chart above shows the top ten countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

ANSWER – “The bar chart gives information about the amount of electricity produced and consumed by the world’s top ten energy users in 2014.

Overall, it is clear to see that China and the USA produced and consumed significantly more electricity than any other country. Interestingly, Germany was the only country in the Top 10 that consumed more electricity than it produced.

In 2014, China was the world leader in electricity production and consumption, with over 5000 billion kWh for each. The USA was in second place, producing and consuming about one-fifth less than China. In third place was Russia, although its power production and consumption was only around 1000 billion kWh.

The lowest producer in the Top 10 was South Korea with 485.1 billion kWh, which was about half of fourth-place country Japan. The seventh and eight-placed countries – France and Brazil – both produced and consumed similar amounts of electricity at around 550 billion kWh for production and 450 billion kWh for consumption. Finally, in ninth-place, Germany produced only 526.6 billion kWh of power, but it consumed 582.5 billion kWh, which was actually the fifth highest. (174 words)

Electricity 1

SAMPLE ANSWER TWO (Advanced)

T1 Bar Charts - Electicity Consumption

The bar chart above shows the top ten countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

ANSWER – “The bar chart provides an analysis of electricity generation and usage levels by the Top 10 global energy users in 2014.

A broad assessment of the data reveals that China and the USA were by far the greatest users and producers of electricity, while the bottom half of the Top 10 had similar electricity production and consumption needs.

China was the world’s leading energy generator and consumer in 2014, producing around 5500 billion kWh and consuming almost the same amount. In second place, the USA produced and consumed about 20 percent less electricity than China. The remainder of the Top 5 – Russia, India, and Japan – generated and used up about four to five times less power than China or the USA.

In seventh and eighth place, France and Brazil both produced and consumed similar amounts of electricity, with production figures of approximately 550 billion kWh and consumption of around 450 billion kWh. Furthermore, it is interesting to note that ninth-placed Germany was the only country whose energy consumption was higher than its production. In fact, its consumption figures were the fifth-highest. Finally, rounding out the Top 10 was South Korea with electricity generation and usage numbers a little under 500 billion kWh. (191 words)

YOU MAY FIND SOME OF THE FOLLOWING RELATED POSTS USEFUL

IELTS Task 1 Reports: Mode of Transport

IELTS Reports (Basic to Band 9): Bar Chart – Consumer Goods

IELTS Task 1 Writing: Mixed Task – Bar Chart and Line Graph

 

FEEL FREE TO LEAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS YOU MIGHT HAVE

GOOD LUCK!

 

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One thought on “IELTS Task One Writing: Bar Charts – Electricity Consumption

  1. Pingback: IELTS Task One Writing: Bar Charts – Electricity Consumption — IELTS UNLOCKED | Purland Training

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