IELTS Band 9.0 Essays: Problems and Solutions – Urbanization

TOPIC – Nowadays, more and more people are moving from the countryside to cities, which are becoming overcrowded. What are the reasons for this movement to cities and what can be done to reduce it?

Urbanization

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. ALWAYS read the topic clearly and work out exactly what you have to write about. This example requires you to outline the REASONS why people move from the countryside to cities and some SOLUTIONS to this.
  2. In an essay of 250 words, aim for TWO reasons and TWO solutions.
  3. Try to use a range of synonyms for repeated words e.g. “reasons” and “solutions” as well as synonyms for the ‘topic’ words, such as “countryside”, “cities”, etc.
  4. Learn some words and phrases that can be used in ANY essay which requires you to talk about reasons and offer solutions. See below for examples.

 

Urbanization 1

STEP-BY-STEP WRITING GUIDE

NOTE – Advanced and useful vocabulary is included in bold.

STEP ONE – INTRODUCTION

EXAMPLE – [Topic] As an increasing number of people migrate from rural areas to urban ones, problems, such as overcrowding, begin to arise. [Type] This essay will look at the factors underlying this phenomenon and then offer some potential solutions to it.

TIPS – (i) Your introduction only needs to be TWO sentences. Use the first sentence to inform the reader of the topic and the second one to inform them of the essay type i.e. opinion, discuss, problem and solutions, etc. (ii) Try to use some synonyms for the keywords when you paraphrase the topic. In the example above, “more and more” has been changed to “an increasing number” and synonyms for “countryside” and “cities” have been used. (iii) Similarly, use synonyms for the key essay words e.g. “factors” instead of “reasons” (iv) Remember that your solutions might not work in reality, so calling them “potential” solutions is a good way to show some balance AND your vocabulary.

STEP TWO – BODY ONE: REASONS

EXAMPLE – The principal reason driving people to move to cities is that they provide much greater job opportunities [Why?] Rural areas are often economically depressed with high unemployment levels, [Result?] so people are often forced to look for work in the city in order to be able to support their families. The availability of better services is also another major contributing factor. [Like what?] Access to quality healthcare and education is often lacking in the countryside, whereas cities offer modern medical facilities and educational institutions, which are both essential for a good quality of life.

TIPS – (i) Try to include some advanced adjectives before your common essay words e.g. “principal” before “reason” and “contributing” with “factor” (ii) Also, try to include some advanced ‘topic’ words e.g “educational institutions” and “economically depressed” (iii) You can split these two ideas into TWO paragraphs if you want. Just remember to link them in a clear way.

Urbanization 2

STEP THREE – BODY TWO: SOLUTIONS

EXAMPLE – “Nevertheless, there are some steps that can be taken to address this issue. The most obvious is to try to improve living conditions in rural areas [How?] This could be done by increasing government investment and encouraging private investment in rural areas. If rural residents can find suitable work in their vicinity, they will not feel compelled to pack up their lives and move to the city. Similarly, health and educational services need to be boosted in the countryside [Result?] This would not only improve living standards but also give people in these areas a better chance to succeed in life.

TIPS – (i) Try to make sure your solutions deal with the reasons you identified in the previous paragraph. (ii) Your ideas/solutions do not need to be amazing, they just need to be clearly explained/make sense (iii) Make sure your explanation is always trying to answer the reader’s questions (iv) You can use the first sentence in this paragraph to link ANY reason–>solution paragraphs

STEP FOUR – CONCLUSION

EXAMPLE – Overall, it seems factors that cause people to move to cities are related to a desire to make a better life for oneself and one’s family. Therefore, the best approach to dealing with any problems that come about from urbanization is to develop rural areas.

TIPS – (i) In your conclusion you just need to mention that there is a problem BUT it can be solved (ii) Try to finish on a positive/optimistic note if you can!

Urbanization 3

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

As an increasing number of people migrate from rural areas to urban ones, problems, such as overcrowding, begin to arise. This essay will look at the factors underlying this phenomenon and then offer some potential solutions to it.

The principal reason driving people to move to cities is that they provide much greater job opportunities. Rural areas are often economically depressed with high unemployment levels, so people are often forced to look for work in the city in order to be able to support their families. The availability of better services is also another major contributing factor. Access to quality healthcare and education is often lacking in the countryside, whereas cities offer modern medical facilities and educational institutions, which are both essential for a good quality of life.

Nevertheless, there are some steps that can be taken to address this issue. The most obvious is to try to improve living conditions in rural areas. This could be done by increasing government investment and encouraging private investment in rural areas. If rural residents can find suitable work in their vicinity, they will not feel compelled to pack up their lives and move to the city. Similarly, health and educational services need to be boosted in the countryside. This would not only improve living standards but also give people in these areas a better chance to succeed in life.

Overall, it seems factors that cause people to move to cities are related to a desire to make a better life for oneself and one’s family. Therefore, the best approach to dealing with any problems that come about from urbanization is to develop rural areas.

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IELTS Speaking Part 1: Answering Yes/No Questions

Yes No

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. A Yes/No question or a “closed” question is one that can be answered with a simple “Yes” or “No”. E.g. “Do you like hip hop?” “Can you swim? In other words, the question can be answered with a single word.
  2. HOWEVER, in the speaking test, you must how your speaking ability by…speaking. In Part 1, you should aim to say around 3 sentences. If your answer to a question like “Do you have any pets” is “No…” then you will NOT get a good mark even thought your answer is technically correct!
  3. Yes/No questions normally come in the form of – “Can you…” “Do you…” “Is it…” “Are you…” “Were you…” “Is there…” “Are there…”

 

YesNo2

EXAMPLES AND TIPS

Below are some sample answer from a range of topics. Useful and advanced vocabulary is included in bold.

QUESTION 1 – Can you drive?

SAMPLE – “I can’t drive a car but I drive a motorbike every day. In the future, I’d like to own a car, so then I’ll have to learn how to drive, but for now I have to save enough money to be able to afford a car.”

TIPS – The key is to ALWAYS add some details or explanation to your answer. If you say “Yes” then mention if it was difficult to learn to drive, or if you like it, or how often you do it. If you answer “No”, then say why, talk about future plans to drive, etc.

QUESTION 2 – Do you like reading?

SAMPLE – Well, that depends. I love reading for pleasure. I’m a big fan of science fiction and fantasy novels. But, I also have to read a lot of text books and journal articles for my studies and that can be quite boring not to mention tiring.

TIPS – (i) Instead of answering “Yes” or “No”, you can stay ‘in the middle’ by beginning with something like “It depends…” (ii) Try to include some vocabulary is relevant to the topic. In the example above, words like “fantasy novels” and “journal articles” are used. REMEMBER to make sure you can pronounce advanced vocabulary clearly.

 

Yes No 1

 

QUESTION 3 – Were you a good student in high school?

SAMPLE – “I think I was good and bad. By that I mean, I got good grades and passed all my tests, although I was quite lazy and didn’t study that much. I definitely wasn’t a diligent student. I guess I just had a good memory and was able to learn things quickly.”

TIPS – (i) This is another answer where the speaker stays “in the middle” so that they can talk about both the good and bad sides (ii) REMEMBER that in Part 1, you’re speaking informally about yourself, so don’t overuse academic/formal vocabulary. One or two relevant words, such as “diligent” used above, are useful though.

QUESTION 4 – Have you been abroad before?

SAMPLE – No. When I go overseas to study, it’ll be my first time. I’ve always dreamed of going abroad, so I’m really excited, although also a little nervous. Actually, I haven’t even been on a plane before, so there’ll be lots of new experiences.

TIPS – using a wide range of tenses and grammatical structures is an important part of your score. This answer has a mix of tenses (simple past, present simple, perfect) which helps to show your speaking ability and to express yourself clearly.

Yes No 2

 

QUESTION 5 – Is it hot in your country?

SAMPLE – “Yes, it can get really hot, especially of course in the summer. As you probably know, my country is a tropical one, so it’s not only hot but really humid. I’ve lived here my whole life, so I guess I’m kind of used to it, but I definitely prefer cooler weather.”

TIPS – (i) If you say something that is common knowledge that the examiner will already know (e.g. that it’s “hot” in summer or that the country is a tropical one), then show this by using phrases, such as “of course…” and “”as you probably know…”

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IELTS BAND 9.0 Writing Task 1 Reports: Maps – Seatown 1998 vs. Now

Task 1 MAPS Seatown

THINGS TO REMEMBER –
  • Maps are the least common Task 1 type, so candidates often feel uncomfortable writing a report on them as they are less familiar with them. HOWEVER, maps are probably the easiest type because the STRUCTURE is (nearly) always the same
  • STRUCTURE – (i) An introduction informing the reader that there are two maps of the same place at different times (ii) An overview that tells the reader some general differences between the two maps (iii) a body that contains a comparison of the changes (iv) a brief conclusion
  • Writing a report about maps requires you to say WHAT something is and WHERE it is. Practice your vocabulary for locations e.g. “the…is to the north of the…” “In the south of the city, there is a…” “The…is surrounded by some…”.
  • Like always, be careful with tense. Map reports will normally require a mix of simple past and perfect tenses. Always be careful to note whether the two maps are showing two times in the PAST or one time in the past and one NOW (or maybe even a FUTURE projection)

Task 1 MAPS Seatown

 

STEP-BY-STEP HOW-TO DO

NOTES – advanced and useful vocabulary is included in bold

STEP 1 – Introduction – what do the two maps show.

EXAMPLE – “The maps provide a comparison of the town of Seatown and the changes it has witnessed from 1995 to the present day.

TIPS – The maps show 1995 vs. Now, so be careful with TENSE. Here, present-perfect is used.

STEP 2 – Overview – what are the main changes? REMEMBER that this can be very general.

EXAMPLE – “Since 1995, Seatown has changed dramatically and the town is now almost unrecognizable from how it used to be.”

TIPS – The maps always show changes (in order for there to be something for you to write about!), so this part is often very similar.

Task 1 MAPS Seatown

 

STEP 3 – Body – report the changes with appropriate linking.

EXAMPLE – “One major change to note is that the forest park and farmland, which were in the town’s east and northeast, have been cleared in order to make way for a golf course and some tennis courts. Another significant difference is that the fishing port that used to be on the town’s south coast has been demolished and not replaced. Related to this, just above the old fishing port, the shops and fishing market that used to be there are now rows of restaurant and apartments. Moreover, the hotel to the east of this has had a car park added on its eastern side. Finally, the residential area in the west and northwest has been expanded, while an extra road has been constructed to provide access.

TIPS – (i) Try to report the changes in a clear way. In this example, the changes are described in way that flows i.e. a big change (forest park/farmland), another big change (the fishing port), the shops and fish market next to the port, the hotel next to this, and finally the housing area. You can write about things in ANY order, but try to be clear. (ii) Try to learn a wide range of words relating to towns and development, such as “demolish”, “residential area”, etc.

STEP 4 – Conclusion – one sentence that provides a summary of the main changes.

EXAMPLE – “After analysing the two maps, it is clear that Seatown has been transformed from a small fishing village into a tourist or entertainment destination.”

TIPS – the main changes are normally large and clear. Just make sure you don’t repeat you overview from Step 2!

Task 1 MAPS Seatown

 

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

The maps provide a comparison of the town of Seatown and the changes it has witnessed from 1995 to the present day.

Since 1995, Seatown has changed dramatically and the town is now almost unrecognizable from how it used to be.

One major change to note is that the forest park and farmland, which were in the town’s east and northeast, have been cleared in order to make way for a golf course and some tennis courts. another significant difference is that the fishing port that used to be on the town’s south coast has been demolished and not replaced. Related to this, just above the old fishing port, the shops and fishing market that used to be there are now rows of restaurant and apartments. Moreover, the hotel to the east of this has had a car park added on its eastern side. Finally, the residential area in the west and northwest has been expanded, while an extra road has been constructed to provide access.

After analysing the two maps, it is clear that Seatown has been transformed from a small fishing village into a tourist or entertainment destination. (190 words)

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BAND 9.0 Essays – Discuss: Sharing of Knowledge

TOPIC – Some people believe that knowledge from the scientific field, business, and the academic world should be shared freely. Others think this knowledge should be controlled. Discuss both views then give your opinion.

Image result for exchange of ideas

STRUCTURE
  1. Introduction – (i) paraphrase the topic. Try to add some synonyms for words like “Scientific field” and “academic world”. If you can’t, try to change the grammatical structure. (ii) State your plan i.e. discuss both views then give your opinion.
  2. One paragraph for views for one side. Remember to cover ALL parts of the question. This means you should try to think of ideas that apply to science, business, and academia.
  3. One paragraph for the opposite view. You might have fewer ideas for one side than the other. That’s okay. Try to think of some counterarguments for your ideas in the first paragraph or include a specific example to expand on your ideas.
  4. Conclusion – Summarise both sides then give your view (don’t forget to say what you think!)

NOTE – Advanced vocabulary and synonyms are included in bold.

Image result for controlling information

INTRODUCTION – Many people hold the view that the free exchange of information and ideas in the fields of science, business, and academia is the best way forward for society as a whole. Conversely, others hold the view that some knowledge holds too much importance or value to be shared for free. This essay will attempt to highlight the views for each position and then offer a conclusion.

SIDE ONE – On the one hand, sharing knowledge freely helps people to innovate and develop new technologies. In relation to science, if new discoveries are kept secret then there is no way for other scientists to test new ideas and understand what is real and what is fantasy. A similar argument can be made in the academic sphere which is built on the idea of sharing knowledge. If knowledge is not shared, then there is no way to test people’s claims and advance our collective knowledge of ourselves and the universe. As for business, allowing knowledge to be exchanged without restriction can help companies to develop new and better products instead of wasting time and money on developing things that might have already been created.

Image result for controlling information

OTHER SIDE – On the other hand, it is certainly true that the main goal of business in our current culture is to make a profit and sharing ideas may simply help a company’s competition and, therefore, affect their bottom line. Similarly, there are often commercial applications for knowledge that emerges in science and academia, and these often have massive monetary value.

CONCLUSION – Broadly speaking, sharing knowledge can help the progress of all humankind, while controlling who has access to knowledge generally helps those with access to it to profit from it at the expense of those who are left in the dark.

Related image

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

Many people hold the view that the free exchange of information and ideas in the fields of science, business, and academia is the best way forward for society as a whole. Conversely, others hold the view that some knowledge holds too much importance or value to be shared for free. This essay will attempt to highlight the views for each position and then offer a conclusion.

On the one hand, sharing knowledge freely helps people to innovate and develop new technologies. In relation to science, if new discoveries are kept secret then there is no way for other scientists to test new ideas and understand what is real and what is fantasy. A similar argument can be made in the academic sphere which is built on the idea of sharing knowledge. If knowledge is not shared, then there is no way to test people’s claims and advance our collective knowledge of ourselves and the universe. As for business, allowing knowledge to be exchanged without restriction can help companies to develop new and better products instead of wasting time and money on developing things that might have already been created.

On the other hand, it is certainly true that the main goal of business in our current culture is to make a profit and sharing ideas may simply help a company’s competition and, therefore, affect their bottom line. Similarly, there are often commercial applications for knowledge that emerges in science and academia, and these often have massive monetary value.

Broadly speaking, sharing knowledge can help the progress of all humankind, while controlling who has access to knowledge generally helps those with access to it to profit from it at the expense of those who are left in the dark. (288 words)

Image result for controlling information

 

SIMILAR ESSAYS

Band 9 Essays: Discuss Both Sides – Art at School

BAND 9.0 Essays: Opinion – Investing in Science (Real Test 2017)

 

 

BAND 9.0 Problem and Solutions Essay – Obesity in Children

Nowadays, the number of obese children is increasing at an alarming rate. What are some of the causes of this increase and how can the problem be solved?

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. For this type of essay, you should try to think of TWO causes and then TWO solutions which might help to solve the causes you have identified (try to make sure the causes/effects and solutions are related!)
  2. Your essay structure should be something like – (1) Intro (2) Cause 1 (3) Cause 2 (4) Solutions x2 [in 1 or 2 paragraphs] (5) A brief conclusion

Image result for children obesity

TOPIC – Nowadays, the number of obese children is increasing at an alarming rate. What are some of the causes of this increase and how can the problem be solved?

  1. INTRODUCTION
TIPS – Aim for 2-3 sentences. You need to paraphrase the topic and then tell the reader your plan (discuss the causes then offer some solutions)

The number of children who are suffering from obesity can be said to have reached epidemic proportions. So, what are the factors behind this obesity epidemic, and how can it be brought under control. This essay will attempt to answer these pressing questions.

Image result for children obesity

2. CAUSES

TIPS – Try to make your main idea/topic sentence clear. Then explain to the reader any extra information they might need. Always remember to try to include one specific example in your body (even if you have to make it up!)

Firstly, it seems that a significant amount of blame can be given to poor diet combined with the marketing of unhealthy food toward young people. Children’s diets often consist of junk food, such as potato chips and candy, which is not only low in nutrients but also high in calories. This dietary issue is also compounded by the fact that these kinds of food are often marketed directly at children with fun cartoon mascots and bright colours that are designed to attract children’s attention.

Another undeniable reason is sedentary lifestyle. Children in the modern world tend to lead lives that are shockingly inactive compared to their predecessors. Much of their time is spent sitting in front of a screen, whether it be television, a computer, or a smartphone. In fact, studies have shown that children in urban environments tend to get only two hours of exercise per week compared to two hours per day just a generation ago.

Image result for children obesity

3. SOLUTIONS

TIPS – Notice how the solutions match the causes/try to solve the problems that come from the causes. You can introduce your “solutions” paragraph with a transition sentence like below. You can use this kind of sentence for ANY topic.

Nevertheless, through concerted action by parents and governments, this worrying situation can be alleviated. In terms of diet, parents need to play a greater role in controlling what their children eat. For the government’s part, they can introduce legislation restricting the promotion of unhealthy food to children. Similarly, parents need to make a greater effort to ensure their children are getting sufficient exercise on a daily basis, while the government can launch some kind of ‘stay active’ health campaigns.

4. CONCLUSION

TIPS – Say why this problem is a serious one. End with how your solutions can lead to a better world!

Overall, the rise in the number of obese children is certainly worrying, especially and kids are a vulnerable part of the population. However, by taking some simple practical steps, we can help to make sure that the next generation grows up healthy and strong.

Image result for children obesity

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER – BAND 9.0

The number of children who are suffering from obesity can be said to have reached epidemic proportions. So, what are the factors behind this obesity epidemic, and how can it be brought under control. This essay will attempt to answer these pressing questions.

Firstly, it seems that a significant amount of blame can be given to poor diet combined with the marketing of unhealthy food toward young people. Children’s diets often consist of junk food, such as potato chips and candy, which is not only low in nutrients but also high in calories. This dietary issue is also compounded by the fact that these kinds of food are often marketed directly at children with fun cartoon mascots and bright colours that are designed to attract children’s attention.

Another undeniable reason is sedentary lifestyle. Children in the modern world tend to lead lives that are shockingly inactive compared to their predecessors. Much of their time is spent sitting in front of a screen, whether it be television, a computer, or a smartphone. In fact, studies have shown that children in urban environments tend to get only two hours of exercise per week compared to two hours per day just a generation ago.

Nevertheless, through concerted action by parents and governments, this worrying situation can be alleviated. In terms of diet, parents need to play a greater role in controlling what their children eat. For the government’s part, they can introduce legislation restricting the promotion of unhealthy food to children. Similarly, parents need to make a greater effort to ensure their children are getting sufficient exercise on a daily basis, while the government can launch some kind of ‘stay active’ health campaigns.

Overall, the rise in the number of obese children is certainly worrying, especially and kids are a vulnerable part of the population. However, by taking some simple practical steps, we can help to make sure that the next generation grows up healthy and strong.

If you have any questions or comments, feel free to post them!

MORE SAMPLE ANSWERS FOR SIMILAR ESSAY TYPES

BAND 9.0 Essays: Problems and Solutions – Too Many Cars

Band 9 Essays: Writing Introductions – Fat Kids

IELTS Task 1 Writing: Mixed Task – Bar Chart and Line Graph

Line Graph - Tourists

The charts above show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market.

Write a report of at least 150 words describing the information shown.

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

Your report should have – (1) An introduction that paraphrases the information you given about the graph (“The chart shows…” etc.) (2) An overview that reports the main details (overall trends, highs, lows, etc.) (3) 1-2 body paragraphs that expand on the main ideas and provide supporting data.

EASY ANSWER

The following is an answer in the 6+ IELTS band range.

Line Graph - Tourists

  1. INTRODUCTION

The charts above show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market.

EXAMPLE – The charts above give information about the amount of tourist from Japan travelling overseas between 1985 and 1995 as well as Australia’s Japanese tourist market share.

TIPS – There are always some words you can change using common synonyms. For example, “show(s)” can always be changed to something like “indicate(s)” or “give(s) information”. You can also change the grammatical structure. In this example, “Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market” has been changed to “Australia’s Japanese tourist market share”

2. OVERVIEW

Line Graph - Tourists

 

2-3 OVERVIEW (MAIN FEATURES) AND BODY (SUPPORTING DATA)

The overview is the first sentence of each of the following body paragraphs. You MUST include an overview, which is a summary of the main details. Normally, this is the overall trend, or the biggest (smallest) figures. What do you notice first when you look at the charts?

A quick glance at the first chart reveals that the number of Japanese people traveling abroad increased significantly over the period. In 1985, there were about 5 million Japanese tourists travelling to other countries. However, over the next five years, this number more than doubled to around 11 million. After that, there was a small drop of a few hundred thousand in the next year, but then tourist numbers continued to climb again, finishing in 1995 at just over 15 million.

Similarly, the line graph shows that more and more Japanese tourists chose Australia as their holiday destination. Only 2 percent of Japanese tourists visited Australia in 1985, but this number had risen to almost 5 percent by 1988. Although in the next year, the percentage dipped to just above 4 percent, it climbed after that to over 6 percent in 1993. Finally, there was a small fall to 6 percent in the last year given in the graph. (185 words)

TIPS – A good answer is one where the reader can picture or “see” what the graph/chart looks like based on your description. Try reading some sample answers and then drawing the chart. If you can draw a decent outline, then you’ve probably read/written a good report.

 

HIGH-LEVEL ANSWER

Line Graph - Tourists

The bar chart provides data relating to the quantity of Japanese citizens travelling to foreign holiday destinations over the decade from 1985 to 1995, while the line graph presents the percentage of these tourists who chose Australia as their travel destination during the same interval.

A cursory examination of the bar chart reveals a substantial increase in the overall number of tourists coming out of Japan. In the initial year of the chart, Japanese tourist numbers stood at approximately 5 million. However, over the following five years, this figure increased by more than two times to roughly 11 million. Despite a minimal dip of a few hundred thousand in 1991, tourist numbers continued to climb, ending the period at just over 15 million.

A similar upward trend can be seen in the percentage of Japanese people embarking on a holiday to Australia. In 1985, Australia was the travel location of only 2 percent of Japanese, but this figure increased dramatically to almost 5 percent over the next three years. Australia’s share of Japanese tourist dipped to just over 4 percent in the next year, but then rebounded and had grown to over 6 percent by 1993. Although there was another drop in the final year given in the graph, the percentage of Japanese tourists visiting Australia was still three times greater than it had been at the beginning. (225 words)

TIPS – In the advanced answer there are (1) a wide range of advanced vocabulary (e.g. “rebounded”, “a cursory examination” (2) A wide range of grammatical structures (including a mix of clauses and tense – simple past vs. past perfect (3) A wide range of linking vocabulary (4) A range of synonyms for reporting the subject of the charts (“Japanese tourists travelling overseas”)

IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS, FEEL FREE TO POST THEM!

CHECK OUT SOME OTHER TASK 1 EXAMPLES

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BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

SPEAKING PART 1 – Your Studies

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

Part 1 is like a casual ‘getting-to-know-you’ conversation. Imagine you are talking to someone you’ve just met in a coffee shop.

THEREFORE, don’t worry about advanced vocabulary or idioms. IN FACT, misusing idioms can be worse than just speaking simply and clearly.

AIM to speak for three sentences. SPEAK about yourself. SPEAK confidently and naturally (like you’re catching up with an old friend) and you will do your BEST!

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

SAMPLE ANSWERS

The following questions are some of the most common in relation to the topic of “STUDIES” in IELTS Speaking Part 1. Each question has two samples. REMEMBER, there is no such thing as a “wrong” answer. As long as you answer the question directly, speak clearly, and talk about yourself, you’ll be FINE!

 

  1. WHAT DO YOU STUDY?

At the moment, I’m studying accounting. It’s my major as part of my commerce degree. I’m in my third year, so I’ll graduate at the end of next year.

Right now, I’m not studying anything in particular – I’m getting ready to go abroad and study a business management degree. For the past few months, I’ve just been studying IELTS to get ready as well as complete all the requirements for studying abroad.

  1. WHERE DO YOU STUDY?

My university is called the University of Studies. It’s quite a well-respected university. It offers degrees in a range of subject, but most students go there to study something related to finance or business.

I’ve just graduated from high school, and in a few months I’ll start university. I haven’t actually picked which one I’ll study at – it depends on which one I can get into!

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

  1. WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THAT SUBJECT?

I chose to studying finance on the advice of my parents. They suggested that it would be a useful degree for finding a good job. I guess it’s true, but I can’t say I enjoy it that much.

I’ve always dreamed of being a doctor, so medicine was the obvious choice for me. Actually, I couldn’t just choose this subject. I had to get really good grades, and even then I think I was lucky to get accepted.

  1. DO YOU LIKE THAT SUBJECT?

Like I said before, I don’t really enjoy it that much. I know it is a sensible subject to study, but it’s just so boring. It’s all numbers and tables, and sometimes it all seems the same. I guess if I can find a well-paying job, it’ll be okay.

As I said in the last question, it’s been my dream since I was little to be a doctor, so I definitely like my major. Sometimes, the workload can seem overwhelming, but I know it’ll be worth it when I get my medical degree and I can start helping people as a real doctor.

TIPS – When you mention something in an answer that you might’ve said earlier, then show the examiner this by using phrases like, “Like I said before” or “As I mentioned earlier”. This helps to make your speaking more connected and is also how you speak in a REAL conversation!

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

  1. IS IT A POPULAR SUBJECT IN YOUR COUNTRY?

Definitely. Accounting is maybe one of the most popular subjects. As my country’s economy develops, office jobs, especially ones with a good salary are in demand. Most of my friends are studying something finance-related and they hope to work for a foreign company because those ones tend to pay the most!

Actually, graphic design is only just starting to become popular in my country, and even a few years ago it was hard to find a good course to take about design – apart from something traditional like architecture. When I tell people what I’m studying, they often seem surprised and want to know why I’m not studying a more useful subject.

TIPS – When you have an extra idea to add (like above with “–apart from something traditional like architecture”, just add it casually like you would in a conversation (kind of like a bullet point or afterthought) as this is more like the natural flow of conversation.

  1. WOULD YOU LIKE TO STUDY SOMETHING DIFFERENT?

I would love to study fashion design if I could study whatever I wanted. However, my parents say that is a job that only a few people are successful at and so it’s not a smart choice. I think I might study it after I’ve graduated and have some more money.

I’ve always been interested in space, but my marks for science subjects, especially physics, have always been really bad, so I don’t know if I’m smart enough to study that. However, I still read a lot about it, so maybe I don’t need to study it directly if I can still enjoy it like I do now.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

  1. DO YOU PLAN TO GET A JOB IN THE SAME FIELD AS YOUR SUBJECT?

I think so. With an accounting degree, there are lots of possible places to find a job, so I think it’s the smartest choice. However, after I get some experience, I might look for a different job or a management position. I don’t really want to be an accountant my whole life.

Of course. I think almost everyone who does a medical degree ends up being a doctor. A few of my friends who are studying medicine have thought about working in the pharmaceutical industry, but I’ve got my mind set on becoming a surgeon.

TIPS – Don’t worry about idioms in Part 1. They are often misused and make your speaking sound unnatural. However, you can still use some advanced vocabulary (see “pharmaceutical industry” and “got my mind set on”). REMEMBER to always try and say things you would say in a casual conversation.

  1. HOW MUCH TIME DO YOU SPEND STUDYING?

I would say a few hours every day. Actually, I thought university would be much more time-consuming than high school, but I have to study so much back then to prepare for my university entrance exams, that university life is not too bad in comparison.

I have to study a lot. Law is known for being a subject with a heavy workload. There are so many cases to remember and you need to work hard on your reasoning and critical thinking skills. It’s nice when exams are over and I have a little bit of time to relax.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

MORE PART ONE SPEAKING SAMPLES!!!

Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Gardens

Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Chocolate

BAND 9.0 Essays: Problems and Solutions – Too Many Cars

Some people believe that international car-free days are an effective way to reduce air pollution. However, others argue that there are other ways that are more effective. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Car Pollution

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – advanced vocabulary and synonyms are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

Step 1 – introduction

TIPS – your introduction should do TWO things (i) Introduce the topic (ii) Explain your plan (in this example, your plan is to compare banning cars with other options)

(i)  Polluted air is one of, if not the most, serious issues facing the world today. (ii) It has been suggested that to combat this problem, there should be days where cars are banned from the road. However, it is also commonly stated that air pollution can be addressed more effectively through other methods.

Car Pollution 2

Step 2 – Body Paragraph 1

TIPS – (i) State a view about cars and pollution (ii) Explain how they cause pollution (iii) Conclude that banning cars could therefore be an effective solution)

(i) It is certainly true that private vehicles are a major source of air pollution. (ii) Cars produce harmful emissions, such as carbon monoxide, that lead to a range of health problems and are responsible for the deaths of millions of people around the world every year. (iii) Therefore, it seems obvious that reducing the number of vehicles at any one time will help to make the air cleaner.

Step 3 – Body Paragraph 2

TIPS – (i) State some problems with the first solution i.e. people need to be able to move around easily (ii) Suggest another option and explain its effects (iii) Introduce another option (iv) Explain why it would be a good solution to the problem

(i) Nevertheless, it is also true people need some form of transportation, especially as ease of travel is necessary for economic productivity. (ii) One alternative to prohibiting cars is to increase the amount of public transportation, which would result in fewer vehicles and less air pollution. (iii) Another option is to make care more environmentally friendly. (iv) New technology, like cars powered by electricity or one that produce substantially fewer toxic substances, could help to decrease pollution, while still allowing people to use their own vehicles.

Car Pollution 1

Step 4 – Conclusion

TIPS – (i) State the problem has different solutions (ii) Summarize the options and their possible effectiveness

(i) Overall, dealing with the problem of air pollution requires a range of solutions. (ii) Reducing the number of vehicles on the road by restricting car usage is one possibility, but adding more public transport and making cars produce less pollution are also appropriate actions to take.

IELTS Accelerate

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

Polluted air is one of, if not the most, serious issues facing the world today. It has been suggested that to combat this problem, there should be days where cars are banned from the road. However, it is also commonly stated that air pollution can be addressed more effectively through other methods.

It is certainly true that private vehicles are a major source of air pollution. Cars produce harmful emissions, such as carbon monoxide, that lead to a range of health problems and are responsible for the deaths of millions of people around the world every year. Therefore, it seems obvious that reducing the number of vehicles at any one time will help to make the air cleaner.

Nevertheless, it is also true people need some form of transportation, especially as ease of travel is necessary for economic productivity. One alternative to prohibiting cars is to increase the amount of public transportation, which would result in fewer vehicles and less air pollution. Another option is to make care more environmentally friendly. New technology, like cars powered by electricity or one that produce substantially fewer toxic substances, could help to decrease pollution, while still allowing people to use their own vehicles.

Overall, dealing with the problem of air pollution requires a range of solutions. Reducing the number of vehicles on the road by restricting car usage is one possibility, but adding more public transport and making cars produce less pollution are also appropriate actions to take (253 words)

Band 9 Essays: Mixed Task – International Travel

Band 9 Essays: Opinion – Road Safety

 

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Mobile Phones vs. Landlines

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. This chart is only for one period of time, so there are NO trends. You need to write about the similarities and differences, highs and lows.
  2. Use the present simple tense.
  3. Your structure should be (i) Introduction (ii) Overview (iii) 2 body paragraphs with a clear topic for each and details that support your overview.

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking and descriptive vocabulary are in italics.

STEP 1 – INTRODUCTION

The chart above shows the number of mobile phones and landlines per 100 people in 7 countries.

SAMPLE ANSWER – “The chart presents the quantity of mobile phones and landlines for every 100 people in Canada, the United States, and five European countries.”

TIPS – (i) DON’T worry about synonyms for the groups (i.e. “mobile phones”/”landlines”). Make sure your introduction is clear (ii) Try to use synonyms for common words like the verb “shows” and other words like “number”.

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

STEP TWO – OVERVIEW

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Overall, mobile phones are more common than landlines in four out of the seven countries, with only 2 countries having fewer than 50 percent of people with a mobile phone. On the other hand, only one country has more than 70 landlines per one hundred people.

TIPS – (1) Try to compare the two groups and see if you can notice any similarities or differences (2) Ask yourself “which ones are higher/lower/similar/different?”

STEP THREE – BODY

SAMPLE ANSWER – “With regard to mobile phones, Italy has the highest percentage, with a figure of 90%, while Sweden, the UK, and Denmark all have more than 80 mobile phones per 100 people. In contrast, Canada and the United States have the lowest percentage of mobile phones per capita, with figures of 38 and 48 percent, respectively.”

As for landlines, Italy only has the lowest number of landlines at just over 40 per 100 people, which is less than half the number amount of mobile phones. Conversely, there are 63 landlines for every 100 people in Canada, and that is significantly greater than the figure for mobile phones. The country with the largest proportion of landlines is Denmark (88%), while the second-placed countries in the chart – the US and Sweden – have just under 70 landlines per 100 people, which is slightly more than Canada, Germany, and the UK, whose landline percentages hover around 60 percent.”

TIPS – (1) You might not have time to write about every piece of data. That’s OK (2) Make sure you write about the highest and the lowest figures and any major similarities or differences (3) Try to use a wide range of describing words for comparisons and data (4) You MUST make COMPARISONS. If you just LIST the data (i.e. “This country has this many mobile phones and this many landlines, while that country has this many mobile phones and this many landlines”) you will NOT get a good mark!

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

The chart presents the quantity of mobile phones and landlines for every 100 people in Canada, the United States, and five European countries

Overall, mobile phones are more common than landlines in four out of the seven countries, with only 2 countries having fewer than 50 percent of people with a mobile phone. On the other hand, only one country has more than 70 landlines per hundred people.

With regard to mobile phones, Italy has the highest percentage, with a figure of 90%, while Sweden, the UK, and Denmark all have more than 80 mobile phones per 100 people. In contrast, Canada and the United States have the lowest percentage of mobile phones per capita, with figures of 38 and 48 percent, respectively.

As for landlines, Italy only has the lowest number of landlines at just over 40 per 100 people, which is less than half the number amount of mobile phones. Conversely, there are 63 landlines for every 100 people in Canada, and that is significantly greater than its figure for mobile phones. The country with by far the largest proportion of landlines is Denmark (88%), while the second-placed countries in the chart – the US and Sweden – have just under 70 landlines per 100 people, which is slightly more than Canada, Germany, and the UK, whose landline percentages hover around 60 percent. (223 words)

IELTS Accelerate

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – News Sources (Real Test 2017)

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – House Prices

 

 

 

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

T1 Bar Charts - Education

The chart above shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. Your report MUST include (i) an introduction that summarizes the chart (ii) an overview that reports the main details (iii) 1-2 body paragraphs that support the overview with specific data.
  2. If you do not include an OVERVIEW, you will not get above Band 5.
  3. Your first job is to clearly report the information. Synonyms etc. are useful, but only use them if you are sure they are appropriate.
  4. After the reader reads your report, they should have a clear picture of what the chart looks like WITHOUT having seen it.

 

T1 Bar Charts - Education

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

STEP 1 – Introduction

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are included in bold. Linking vocabulary is included in italics.

TOPIC – The chart above shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.

SAMPLE ANSWER (Paraphrase the topic) – “The chart indicates how many men and women in Britain were enrolled in tertiary education in three periods – 1970/71, 1980/81, and 1990/91 – and whether their studies were full or part-time.

TIP – If you don’t know words like “tertiary” or “enrolled”, it’s okay. You can always use synonyms for words like “shows”. If you are not sure of a synonym, don’t use it. If your introduction is not clear, it is very difficult to get a high mark.

T1 Bar Charts - Education

STEP 2 – Overview

SAMPLE ANSWER – “It is clear from the chart that in all periods there were more men and women studying full-time than part-time. However, while the number of women studying all types of course increased significantly over the periods shown, the number of men studying full-time decreased moderately.”

TIPS – (1) Your job is to report the main features. All you have to say is whether the trends were “up”, “down”, or “remained the same” (2) You don’t need to include any specific data (numbers/figures) in your overview (3) The overview is the MOST important part. If you don’t include one, you will not get above Band 5!
STEP 3 – Body

SAMPLE ANSWER – “With respect to part-time education, the number of men doubled over the period, rising from 100000 in 1970/71 to 200000 by 1990/91. The number of women studying in this way was also around 200000, which was substantially higher than the figure of 40000 in 1970/71.

As for full-time studying, there was considerable growth in the number of women, with the figure climbing from 700000 to 1.1 million, which was the highest level in any period for any kind of studying. On the other hand, the number of men studying full-time dropped from 1 million to about 800000 between 1970/71 and 1980/81, although it then rose again to 900000 in 1990/91, resulting in a decline of 100000 over the whole period.”

TIPS – (1) Your body should make your overview clear (2) Try to organise it in a clear, logical way. In this example, there are two paragraphs. The first is about “part-time education”, while the second is about “full-time education” (3) Make sure you make comparisons. Try to think if any data is the same, is the highest (or lowest), has a big change (or no change!)

T1 Bar Charts - Education

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

The chart indicates how many men and women in Britain were enrolled in tertiary education in three periods – 1970/71, 1980/81, and 1990/91 – and whether their studies were full or part-time.

It is clear from the chart that in all periods there were more men and women studying full-time than part-time. However, while the number of women studying all types of course increased significantly over the periods shown, the number of men studying full-time decreased moderately

With respect to part-time education, the number of men doubled over the period, rising from 100000 in 1970/71 to 200000 by 1990/91. The number of women studying in this way was also around 200000, which was substantially higher than the figure of 40000 in 1970/71.

As for full-time studying, there was considerable growth in the number of women, with the figure climbing from 700000 to 1.1 million, which was the highest level in any period for any kind of studying. On the other hand, the number of men studying full-time dropped from 1 million to about 800000 between 1970/71 and 1980/81, although it then rose again to 900000 in 1990/91, resulting in a decline of 100000 over the whole period. (197 words)

IELTS Accelerate

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – News Sources (Real Test 2017)

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – Air Pollution

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