BAND 9.0 Problem and Solutions Essay – Obesity in Children

Nowadays, the number of obese children is increasing at an alarming rate. What are some of the causes of this increase and how can the problem be solved?

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. For this type of essay, you should try to think of TWO causes and then TWO solutions which might help to solve the causes you have identified (try to make sure the causes/effects and solutions are related!)
  2. Your essay structure should be something like – (1) Intro (2) Cause 1 (3) Cause 2 (4) Solutions x2 [in 1 or 2 paragraphs] (5) A brief conclusion

Image result for children obesity

TOPIC – Nowadays, the number of obese children is increasing at an alarming rate. What are some of the causes of this increase and how can the problem be solved?

  1. INTRODUCTION
TIPS – Aim for 2-3 sentences. You need to paraphrase the topic and then tell the reader your plan (discuss the causes then offer some solutions)

The number of children who are suffering from obesity can be said to have reached epidemic proportions. So, what are the factors behind this obesity epidemic, and how can it be brought under control. This essay will attempt to answer these pressing questions.

Image result for children obesity

2. CAUSES

TIPS – Try to make your main idea/topic sentence clear. Then explain to the reader any extra information they might need. Always remember to try to include one specific example in your body (even if you have to make it up!)

Firstly, it seems that a significant amount of blame can be given to poor diet combined with the marketing of unhealthy food toward young people. Children’s diets often consist of junk food, such as potato chips and candy, which is not only low in nutrients but also high in calories. This dietary issue is also compounded by the fact that these kinds of food are often marketed directly at children with fun cartoon mascots and bright colours that are designed to attract children’s attention.

Another undeniable reason is sedentary lifestyle. Children in the modern world tend to lead lives that are shockingly inactive compared to their predecessors. Much of their time is spent sitting in front of a screen, whether it be television, a computer, or a smartphone. In fact, studies have shown that children in urban environments tend to get only two hours of exercise per week compared to two hours per day just a generation ago.

Image result for children obesity

3. SOLUTIONS

TIPS – Notice how the solutions match the causes/try to solve the problems that come from the causes. You can introduce your “solutions” paragraph with a transition sentence like below. You can use this kind of sentence for ANY topic.

Nevertheless, through concerted action by parents and governments, this worrying situation can be alleviated. In terms of diet, parents need to play a greater role in controlling what their children eat. For the government’s part, they can introduce legislation restricting the promotion of unhealthy food to children. Similarly, parents need to make a greater effort to ensure their children are getting sufficient exercise on a daily basis, while the government can launch some kind of ‘stay active’ health campaigns.

4. CONCLUSION

TIPS – Say why this problem is a serious one. End with how your solutions can lead to a better world!

Overall, the rise in the number of obese children is certainly worrying, especially and kids are a vulnerable part of the population. However, by taking some simple practical steps, we can help to make sure that the next generation grows up healthy and strong.

Image result for children obesity

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER – BAND 9.0

The number of children who are suffering from obesity can be said to have reached epidemic proportions. So, what are the factors behind this obesity epidemic, and how can it be brought under control. This essay will attempt to answer these pressing questions.

Firstly, it seems that a significant amount of blame can be given to poor diet combined with the marketing of unhealthy food toward young people. Children’s diets often consist of junk food, such as potato chips and candy, which is not only low in nutrients but also high in calories. This dietary issue is also compounded by the fact that these kinds of food are often marketed directly at children with fun cartoon mascots and bright colours that are designed to attract children’s attention.

Another undeniable reason is sedentary lifestyle. Children in the modern world tend to lead lives that are shockingly inactive compared to their predecessors. Much of their time is spent sitting in front of a screen, whether it be television, a computer, or a smartphone. In fact, studies have shown that children in urban environments tend to get only two hours of exercise per week compared to two hours per day just a generation ago.

Nevertheless, through concerted action by parents and governments, this worrying situation can be alleviated. In terms of diet, parents need to play a greater role in controlling what their children eat. For the government’s part, they can introduce legislation restricting the promotion of unhealthy food to children. Similarly, parents need to make a greater effort to ensure their children are getting sufficient exercise on a daily basis, while the government can launch some kind of ‘stay active’ health campaigns.

Overall, the rise in the number of obese children is certainly worrying, especially and kids are a vulnerable part of the population. However, by taking some simple practical steps, we can help to make sure that the next generation grows up healthy and strong.

If you have any questions or comments, feel free to post them!

MORE SAMPLE ANSWERS FOR SIMILAR ESSAY TYPES

BAND 9.0 Essays: Problems and Solutions – Too Many Cars

Band 9 Essays: Writing Introductions – Fat Kids

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Line Graph - Tourists

The charts above show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market.

Write a report of at least 150 words describing the information shown.

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

Your report should have – (1) An introduction that paraphrases the information you given about the graph (“The chart shows…” etc.) (2) An overview that reports the main details (overall trends, highs, lows, etc.) (3) 1-2 body paragraphs that expand on the main ideas and provide supporting data.

EASY ANSWER

The following is an answer in the 6+ IELTS band range.

Line Graph - Tourists

  1. INTRODUCTION

The charts above show the number of Japanese tourists travelling abroad between 1985 and 1995 and Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market.

EXAMPLE – The charts above give information about the amount of tourist from Japan travelling overseas between 1985 and 1995 as well as Australia’s Japanese tourist market share.

TIPS – There are always some words you can change using common synonyms. For example, “show(s)” can always be changed to something like “indicate(s)” or “give(s) information”. You can also change the grammatical structure. In this example, “Australia’s share of the Japanese tourist market” has been changed to “Australia’s Japanese tourist market share”

2. OVERVIEW

Line Graph - Tourists

 

2-3 OVERVIEW (MAIN FEATURES) AND BODY (SUPPORTING DATA)

The overview is the first sentence of each of the following body paragraphs. You MUST include an overview, which is a summary of the main details. Normally, this is the overall trend, or the biggest (smallest) figures. What do you notice first when you look at the charts?

A quick glance at the first chart reveals that the number of Japanese people traveling abroad increased significantly over the period. In 1985, there were about 5 million Japanese tourists travelling to other countries. However, over the next five years, this number more than doubled to around 11 million. After that, there was a small drop of a few hundred thousand in the next year, but then tourist numbers continued to climb again, finishing in 1995 at just over 15 million.

Similarly, the line graph shows that more and more Japanese tourists chose Australia as their holiday destination. Only 2 percent of Japanese tourists visited Australia in 1985, but this number had risen to almost 5 percent by 1988. Although in the next year, the percentage dipped to just above 4 percent, it climbed after that to over 6 percent in 1993. Finally, there was a small fall to 6 percent in the last year given in the graph. (185 words)

TIPS – A good answer is one where the reader can picture or “see” what the graph/chart looks like based on your description. Try reading some sample answers and then drawing the chart. If you can draw a decent outline, then you’ve probably read/written a good report.

 

HIGH-LEVEL ANSWER

Line Graph - Tourists

The bar chart provides data relating to the quantity of Japanese citizens travelling to foreign holiday destinations over the decade from 1985 to 1995, while the line graph presents the percentage of these tourists who chose Australia as their travel destination during the same interval.

A cursory examination of the bar chart reveals a substantial increase in the overall number of tourists coming out of Japan. In the initial year of the chart, Japanese tourist numbers stood at approximately 5 million. However, over the following five years, this figure increased by more than two times to roughly 11 million. Despite a minimal dip of a few hundred thousand in 1991, tourist numbers continued to climb, ending the period at just over 15 million.

A similar upward trend can be seen in the percentage of Japanese people embarking on a holiday to Australia. In 1985, Australia was the travel location of only 2 percent of Japanese, but this figure increased dramatically to almost 5 percent over the next three years. Australia’s share of Japanese tourist dipped to just over 4 percent in the next year, but then rebounded and had grown to over 6 percent by 1993. Although there was another drop in the final year given in the graph, the percentage of Japanese tourists visiting Australia was still three times greater than it had been at the beginning. (225 words)

TIPS – In the advanced answer there are (1) a wide range of advanced vocabulary (e.g. “rebounded”, “a cursory examination” (2) A wide range of grammatical structures (including a mix of clauses and tense – simple past vs. past perfect (3) A wide range of linking vocabulary (4) A range of synonyms for reporting the subject of the charts (“Japanese tourists travelling overseas”)

IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS, FEEL FREE TO POST THEM!

CHECK OUT SOME OTHER TASK 1 EXAMPLES

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Mobile Phones vs. Landlines

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

SPEAKING PART 1 – Your Studies

GENERAL THINGS TO REMEMBER

Part 1 is like a casual ‘getting-to-know-you’ conversation. Imagine you are talking to someone you’ve just met in a coffee shop.

THEREFORE, don’t worry about advanced vocabulary or idioms. IN FACT, misusing idioms can be worse than just speaking simply and clearly.

AIM to speak for three sentences. SPEAK about yourself. SPEAK confidently and naturally (like you’re catching up with an old friend) and you will do your BEST!

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

SAMPLE ANSWERS

The following questions are some of the most common in relation to the topic of “STUDIES” in IELTS Speaking Part 1. Each question has two samples. REMEMBER, there is no such thing as a “wrong” answer. As long as you answer the question directly, speak clearly, and talk about yourself, you’ll be FINE!

 

  1. WHAT DO YOU STUDY?

At the moment, I’m studying accounting. It’s my major as part of my commerce degree. I’m in my third year, so I’ll graduate at the end of next year.

Right now, I’m not studying anything in particular – I’m getting ready to go abroad and study a business management degree. For the past few months, I’ve just been studying IELTS to get ready as well as complete all the requirements for studying abroad.

  1. WHERE DO YOU STUDY?

My university is called the University of Studies. It’s quite a well-respected university. It offers degrees in a range of subject, but most students go there to study something related to finance or business.

I’ve just graduated from high school, and in a few months I’ll start university. I haven’t actually picked which one I’ll study at – it depends on which one I can get into!

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

  1. WHY DID YOU CHOOSE THAT SUBJECT?

I chose to studying finance on the advice of my parents. They suggested that it would be a useful degree for finding a good job. I guess it’s true, but I can’t say I enjoy it that much.

I’ve always dreamed of being a doctor, so medicine was the obvious choice for me. Actually, I couldn’t just choose this subject. I had to get really good grades, and even then I think I was lucky to get accepted.

  1. DO YOU LIKE THAT SUBJECT?

Like I said before, I don’t really enjoy it that much. I know it is a sensible subject to study, but it’s just so boring. It’s all numbers and tables, and sometimes it all seems the same. I guess if I can find a well-paying job, it’ll be okay.

As I said in the last question, it’s been my dream since I was little to be a doctor, so I definitely like my major. Sometimes, the workload can seem overwhelming, but I know it’ll be worth it when I get my medical degree and I can start helping people as a real doctor.

TIPS – When you mention something in an answer that you might’ve said earlier, then show the examiner this by using phrases like, “Like I said before” or “As I mentioned earlier”. This helps to make your speaking more connected and is also how you speak in a REAL conversation!

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

  1. IS IT A POPULAR SUBJECT IN YOUR COUNTRY?

Definitely. Accounting is maybe one of the most popular subjects. As my country’s economy develops, office jobs, especially ones with a good salary are in demand. Most of my friends are studying something finance-related and they hope to work for a foreign company because those ones tend to pay the most!

Actually, graphic design is only just starting to become popular in my country, and even a few years ago it was hard to find a good course to take about design – apart from something traditional like architecture. When I tell people what I’m studying, they often seem surprised and want to know why I’m not studying a more useful subject.

TIPS – When you have an extra idea to add (like above with “–apart from something traditional like architecture”, just add it casually like you would in a conversation (kind of like a bullet point or afterthought) as this is more like the natural flow of conversation.

  1. WOULD YOU LIKE TO STUDY SOMETHING DIFFERENT?

I would love to study fashion design if I could study whatever I wanted. However, my parents say that is a job that only a few people are successful at and so it’s not a smart choice. I think I might study it after I’ve graduated and have some more money.

I’ve always been interested in space, but my marks for science subjects, especially physics, have always been really bad, so I don’t know if I’m smart enough to study that. However, I still read a lot about it, so maybe I don’t need to study it directly if I can still enjoy it like I do now.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

  1. DO YOU PLAN TO GET A JOB IN THE SAME FIELD AS YOUR SUBJECT?

I think so. With an accounting degree, there are lots of possible places to find a job, so I think it’s the smartest choice. However, after I get some experience, I might look for a different job or a management position. I don’t really want to be an accountant my whole life.

Of course. I think almost everyone who does a medical degree ends up being a doctor. A few of my friends who are studying medicine have thought about working in the pharmaceutical industry, but I’ve got my mind set on becoming a surgeon.

TIPS – Don’t worry about idioms in Part 1. They are often misused and make your speaking sound unnatural. However, you can still use some advanced vocabulary (see “pharmaceutical industry” and “got my mind set on”). REMEMBER to always try and say things you would say in a casual conversation.

  1. HOW MUCH TIME DO YOU SPEND STUDYING?

I would say a few hours every day. Actually, I thought university would be much more time-consuming than high school, but I have to study so much back then to prepare for my university entrance exams, that university life is not too bad in comparison.

I have to study a lot. Law is known for being a subject with a heavy workload. There are so many cases to remember and you need to work hard on your reasoning and critical thinking skills. It’s nice when exams are over and I have a little bit of time to relax.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho studies

MORE PART ONE SPEAKING SAMPLES!!!

Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Gardens

Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Chocolate

BAND 9.0 Essays: Problems and Solutions – Too Many Cars

Some people believe that international car-free days are an effective way to reduce air pollution. However, others argue that there are other ways that are more effective. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Car Pollution

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – advanced vocabulary and synonyms are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

Step 1 – introduction

TIPS – your introduction should do TWO things (i) Introduce the topic (ii) Explain your plan (in this example, your plan is to compare banning cars with other options)

(i)  Polluted air is one of, if not the most, serious issues facing the world today. (ii) It has been suggested that to combat this problem, there should be days where cars are banned from the road. However, it is also commonly stated that air pollution can be addressed more effectively through other methods.

Car Pollution 2

Step 2 – Body Paragraph 1

TIPS – (i) State a view about cars and pollution (ii) Explain how they cause pollution (iii) Conclude that banning cars could therefore be an effective solution)

(i) It is certainly true that private vehicles are a major source of air pollution. (ii) Cars produce harmful emissions, such as carbon monoxide, that lead to a range of health problems and are responsible for the deaths of millions of people around the world every year. (iii) Therefore, it seems obvious that reducing the number of vehicles at any one time will help to make the air cleaner.

Step 3 – Body Paragraph 2

TIPS – (i) State some problems with the first solution i.e. people need to be able to move around easily (ii) Suggest another option and explain its effects (iii) Introduce another option (iv) Explain why it would be a good solution to the problem

(i) Nevertheless, it is also true people need some form of transportation, especially as ease of travel is necessary for economic productivity. (ii) One alternative to prohibiting cars is to increase the amount of public transportation, which would result in fewer vehicles and less air pollution. (iii) Another option is to make care more environmentally friendly. (iv) New technology, like cars powered by electricity or one that produce substantially fewer toxic substances, could help to decrease pollution, while still allowing people to use their own vehicles.

Car Pollution 1

Step 4 – Conclusion

TIPS – (i) State the problem has different solutions (ii) Summarize the options and their possible effectiveness

(i) Overall, dealing with the problem of air pollution requires a range of solutions. (ii) Reducing the number of vehicles on the road by restricting car usage is one possibility, but adding more public transport and making cars produce less pollution are also appropriate actions to take.

IELTS Accelerate

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

Polluted air is one of, if not the most, serious issues facing the world today. It has been suggested that to combat this problem, there should be days where cars are banned from the road. However, it is also commonly stated that air pollution can be addressed more effectively through other methods.

It is certainly true that private vehicles are a major source of air pollution. Cars produce harmful emissions, such as carbon monoxide, that lead to a range of health problems and are responsible for the deaths of millions of people around the world every year. Therefore, it seems obvious that reducing the number of vehicles at any one time will help to make the air cleaner.

Nevertheless, it is also true people need some form of transportation, especially as ease of travel is necessary for economic productivity. One alternative to prohibiting cars is to increase the amount of public transportation, which would result in fewer vehicles and less air pollution. Another option is to make care more environmentally friendly. New technology, like cars powered by electricity or one that produce substantially fewer toxic substances, could help to decrease pollution, while still allowing people to use their own vehicles.

Overall, dealing with the problem of air pollution requires a range of solutions. Reducing the number of vehicles on the road by restricting car usage is one possibility, but adding more public transport and making cars produce less pollution are also appropriate actions to take (253 words)

Band 9 Essays: Mixed Task – International Travel

Band 9 Essays: Opinion – Road Safety

 

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Mobile Phones vs. Landlines

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. This chart is only for one period of time, so there are NO trends. You need to write about the similarities and differences, highs and lows.
  2. Use the present simple tense.
  3. Your structure should be (i) Introduction (ii) Overview (iii) 2 body paragraphs with a clear topic for each and details that support your overview.

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking and descriptive vocabulary are in italics.

STEP 1 – INTRODUCTION

The chart above shows the number of mobile phones and landlines per 100 people in 7 countries.

SAMPLE ANSWER – “The chart presents the quantity of mobile phones and landlines for every 100 people in Canada, the United States, and five European countries.”

TIPS – (i) DON’T worry about synonyms for the groups (i.e. “mobile phones”/”landlines”). Make sure your introduction is clear (ii) Try to use synonyms for common words like the verb “shows” and other words like “number”.

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

STEP TWO – OVERVIEW

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Overall, mobile phones are more common than landlines in four out of the seven countries, with only 2 countries having fewer than 50 percent of people with a mobile phone. On the other hand, only one country has more than 70 landlines per one hundred people.

TIPS – (1) Try to compare the two groups and see if you can notice any similarities or differences (2) Ask yourself “which ones are higher/lower/similar/different?”

STEP THREE – BODY

SAMPLE ANSWER – “With regard to mobile phones, Italy has the highest percentage, with a figure of 90%, while Sweden, the UK, and Denmark all have more than 80 mobile phones per 100 people. In contrast, Canada and the United States have the lowest percentage of mobile phones per capita, with figures of 38 and 48 percent, respectively.”

As for landlines, Italy only has the lowest number of landlines at just over 40 per 100 people, which is less than half the number amount of mobile phones. Conversely, there are 63 landlines for every 100 people in Canada, and that is significantly greater than the figure for mobile phones. The country with the largest proportion of landlines is Denmark (88%), while the second-placed countries in the chart – the US and Sweden – have just under 70 landlines per 100 people, which is slightly more than Canada, Germany, and the UK, whose landline percentages hover around 60 percent.”

TIPS – (1) You might not have time to write about every piece of data. That’s OK (2) Make sure you write about the highest and the lowest figures and any major similarities or differences (3) Try to use a wide range of describing words for comparisons and data (4) You MUST make COMPARISONS. If you just LIST the data (i.e. “This country has this many mobile phones and this many landlines, while that country has this many mobile phones and this many landlines”) you will NOT get a good mark!

T1 Bar Charts - Countries

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

The chart presents the quantity of mobile phones and landlines for every 100 people in Canada, the United States, and five European countries

Overall, mobile phones are more common than landlines in four out of the seven countries, with only 2 countries having fewer than 50 percent of people with a mobile phone. On the other hand, only one country has more than 70 landlines per hundred people.

With regard to mobile phones, Italy has the highest percentage, with a figure of 90%, while Sweden, the UK, and Denmark all have more than 80 mobile phones per 100 people. In contrast, Canada and the United States have the lowest percentage of mobile phones per capita, with figures of 38 and 48 percent, respectively.

As for landlines, Italy only has the lowest number of landlines at just over 40 per 100 people, which is less than half the number amount of mobile phones. Conversely, there are 63 landlines for every 100 people in Canada, and that is significantly greater than its figure for mobile phones. The country with by far the largest proportion of landlines is Denmark (88%), while the second-placed countries in the chart – the US and Sweden – have just under 70 landlines per 100 people, which is slightly more than Canada, Germany, and the UK, whose landline percentages hover around 60 percent. (223 words)

IELTS Accelerate

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – News Sources (Real Test 2017)

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – House Prices

 

 

 

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – Education

T1 Bar Charts - Education

The chart above shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. Your report MUST include (i) an introduction that summarizes the chart (ii) an overview that reports the main details (iii) 1-2 body paragraphs that support the overview with specific data.
  2. If you do not include an OVERVIEW, you will not get above Band 5.
  3. Your first job is to clearly report the information. Synonyms etc. are useful, but only use them if you are sure they are appropriate.
  4. After the reader reads your report, they should have a clear picture of what the chart looks like WITHOUT having seen it.

 

T1 Bar Charts - Education

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

STEP 1 – Introduction

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are included in bold. Linking vocabulary is included in italics.

TOPIC – The chart above shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time.

SAMPLE ANSWER (Paraphrase the topic) – “The chart indicates how many men and women in Britain were enrolled in tertiary education in three periods – 1970/71, 1980/81, and 1990/91 – and whether their studies were full or part-time.

TIP – If you don’t know words like “tertiary” or “enrolled”, it’s okay. You can always use synonyms for words like “shows”. If you are not sure of a synonym, don’t use it. If your introduction is not clear, it is very difficult to get a high mark.

T1 Bar Charts - Education

STEP 2 – Overview

SAMPLE ANSWER – “It is clear from the chart that in all periods there were more men and women studying full-time than part-time. However, while the number of women studying all types of course increased significantly over the periods shown, the number of men studying full-time decreased moderately.”

TIPS – (1) Your job is to report the main features. All you have to say is whether the trends were “up”, “down”, or “remained the same” (2) You don’t need to include any specific data (numbers/figures) in your overview (3) The overview is the MOST important part. If you don’t include one, you will not get above Band 5!
STEP 3 – Body

SAMPLE ANSWER – “With respect to part-time education, the number of men doubled over the period, rising from 100000 in 1970/71 to 200000 by 1990/91. The number of women studying in this way was also around 200000, which was substantially higher than the figure of 40000 in 1970/71.

As for full-time studying, there was considerable growth in the number of women, with the figure climbing from 700000 to 1.1 million, which was the highest level in any period for any kind of studying. On the other hand, the number of men studying full-time dropped from 1 million to about 800000 between 1970/71 and 1980/81, although it then rose again to 900000 in 1990/91, resulting in a decline of 100000 over the whole period.”

TIPS – (1) Your body should make your overview clear (2) Try to organise it in a clear, logical way. In this example, there are two paragraphs. The first is about “part-time education”, while the second is about “full-time education” (3) Make sure you make comparisons. Try to think if any data is the same, is the highest (or lowest), has a big change (or no change!)

T1 Bar Charts - Education

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

The chart indicates how many men and women in Britain were enrolled in tertiary education in three periods – 1970/71, 1980/81, and 1990/91 – and whether their studies were full or part-time.

It is clear from the chart that in all periods there were more men and women studying full-time than part-time. However, while the number of women studying all types of course increased significantly over the periods shown, the number of men studying full-time decreased moderately

With respect to part-time education, the number of men doubled over the period, rising from 100000 in 1970/71 to 200000 by 1990/91. The number of women studying in this way was also around 200000, which was substantially higher than the figure of 40000 in 1970/71.

As for full-time studying, there was considerable growth in the number of women, with the figure climbing from 700000 to 1.1 million, which was the highest level in any period for any kind of studying. On the other hand, the number of men studying full-time dropped from 1 million to about 800000 between 1970/71 and 1980/81, although it then rose again to 900000 in 1990/91, resulting in a decline of 100000 over the whole period. (197 words)

IELTS Accelerate

BAND 9.0 Reports: Bar Charts – News Sources (Real Test 2017)

Band 9 Reports: Bar Charts – Air Pollution

For more useful vocabulary and tips for IELTS and General English LIKE and FOLLOW on Facebook

BAND 9.0 Speaking: Part 3 – Films

Movies

THINGS TO REMEMBER

  1. In Part 3, you should aim for 3-5 sentences.
  2. You might notice that many of the Part 3 questions are similar to Task 2 essay questions. Organise you answer like an essay body paragraph (i) Main idea (ii) Explanation (iii) Link to new idea OR more explanation OR an example
  3. However, remember you are talking to a REAL person, so don’t speak like a robot. Make eye contact and speak normally, while trying to show some relevant vocabulary.

SAMPLE ANSWERS WITH TIPS

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

QUESTION 1 – What do people enjoy about going to the cinema?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Going to the movies is a completely different experience from watching a film at home. Obviously, the screen is much bigger. Also, the sound system is a lot better. It creates the sensation that you are “in” the movie and it makes it more enjoyable.”

TIPS – Link your ideas with appropriate phrases. If you are saying something that everyone knows, then use words/phrases like “Obviously” or “Of course”. Don’t speak like a ROBOT!

Movies 2

QUESTION 2 – How have cinema-going habits changed in your country over the years?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Um, I think the most significant change is that a lot more people go to the cinema. This is simply because people now have more disposable income to spend on leisure activities. Now, going to the movies is a regular activity, while in the past it was much rarer. In fact, many people had never been to the cinema before.”

TIPS – (1) Try to add some advanced vocabulary [like “disposable income”], but don’t force it. That means you need to have clear ideas BEFORE you worry about vocabulary (2) Add stronger explanation with phrases like “In fact”.

Movies 1

QUESTION 3 – What’s your opinion on Hollywood films?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “I think overall they’re great. They have huge budgets, so the special effects are normally amazing. However, there main purpose is to make money, so often there is not a lot of creativity or artistic types of film – just big blockbusters with lots of explosions and not much story.”

TIPS – Using some topic-specific vocabulary is a great way to boost your score. (2) Make your main idea/opinion clearer with words like “overall” or “generally”.

Television comercial production set.

QUESTION 4 – Does your country produce films? How are Hollywood films different from films produced in your country?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Yes, my country has a film industry. Although, it’s not very big. I think the main difference between it and Hollywood is the money available and the type of films. My country’s movie industry doesn’t have hundreds of millions of dollars to make a movie, so the scenes are normally more simple. Also, the films are more about traditional topics and stories as my country’s culture is still very conservative.”

IELTS Accelerate

USEFUL LINKS

Band 9 Speaking: Part 3 – Sense of Humour

BAND 9.0 Speaking: Part 3 – Gifts

For more useful vocabulary and tips LIKE and FOLLOW on FACEBOOK

BAND 9.0 Essays: Reasons and Opinion – Gender Preferences in Studying (Real Test 2017)

In schools and universities, girls tend to choose arts while boys like science. What are the reasons for this trend and do you think this tendency should be changed.

Gender Differences 2

THINGS TO REMEMBER
  1. For difficult topics (like this one maybe!), focus on a clear structure and just 1-2 ideas that you can explain clearly (with an example from research or your own experience)
  2. Make your you answer ALL parts of the question. You MUST say (i) the reason(s) for this trend and (ii) should the tendency be changed.
  3. This type of essay can have a 4-paragraph structure (i) Introduction (ii) Body paragraph one [“Reasons”] (iii) Body paragraph 2 [“Should it be changed”] (iv) Conclusion

Gender Differences

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

STEP 1 – Introduction

TOPIC – In schools and universities, girls tend to choose arts while boys like science. What are the reasons for this trend and do you think this tendency should be changed.

SAMPLE – “It is apparent that there are gender preferences when it comes to choosing a course of study. The primary reason for this is biology, although this fact does not mean that people of differing genders should not be free to pursue whatever subject interests them.

TIPS – (i) Your introduction should be 2 sentences. In the first sentence, paraphrase the topic. In the second, state your plan i.e. discuss the reasons and say whether the tendency should be changed.

Step 2 – Body

The ultimate reason for differences in study choices is that boys and girls are not the same at a biological level. In every culture, there are variations in the likes and dislikes of each gender. A clear distinction is that boys tend to be more aggressive and, as a result, seek out physical sports in order to release their aggression. Similarly, boys seem to be more attracted to subjects – like those in the science field – that require problem-solving and analytical thinking. A clear example of this is countries where gender equality in subjects is enforced. For example, Norway has a policy to get equal numbers of men and women into subjects, such as engineering, but the results are clear. Even when women are guaranteed places in these courses and have their tuition paid for by the government, they choose to study traditionally “female” subjects.

TIP – If you can only think of one idea/reason, that’s OKAY. Explain it clearly and give an example. Use advanced, academic vocabulary and a range of grammatical structures, and you will be fine.

However, although there are clear differences between genders, it does not mean that girls should not be able to follow a career in science or that boys should be discouraged from studying art-based ones. There are many girls who want to study science or engineering, and they should be given the same opportunity as boys to do it and can be just as successful in those fields.

STEP 3 – Conclusion

The contrasting subject choices between different genders is an obvious result of the fact that men and women are not identical. Nevertheless, everyone should be treated fairly and have the chance to chase and reach their dreams. (295 words)

TIP – Your introduction needs to do TWO things for the reader (i) Restate the reason(s) for different subject choices (ii) Show why your opinion is a good one (“…everyone should be treated fairly…”)

Boy and girl and their favorite subject in school.

FULL SAMPLE ANSWER

It is apparent that there are gender preferences when it comes to choosing a course of study. The primary reason for this is biology, although this fact does not mean that people of differing genders should not be free to pursue whatever subject interests them.

The ultimate reason for differences in study choices is that boys and girls are not the same at a biological level. In every culture, there are variations in the likes and dislikes of each gender. A clear distinction is that boys tend to be more aggressive and, as a result, seek out physical sports in order to release their aggression. Similarly, boys seem to be more attracted to subjects – like those in the science field – that require problem-solving and analytical thinking. A clear example of this is countries where gender equality in subjects is enforced. For example, Norway has a policy to get equal numbers of men and women into subjects, such as engineering, but the results are clear. Even when women are guaranteed places in these courses and have their tuition paid for by the government, they choose to study traditionally “female” subjects.

However, although there are clear differences between genders, it does not mean that girls should not be able to follow a career in science or that boys should be discouraged from studying art-based ones. There are many girls who want to study science or engineering, and they should be given the same opportunity as boys to do it.

The contrasting subject choices between different genders is an obvious result of the fact that men and women are not identical. Nevertheless, everyone should be treated fairly and have the chance to chase and reach their dreams. (295 words)

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BAND 9.0 Essays: Opinion – Investing in Science (Real Test 2017)

Band 9.0 Essays: Opinion – Online Courses

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BAND 9.0 Reports: Pie Charts – Waste Disposal

T1 Pie Charts - Waste Disposal

GENERAL TIPS –
  1. Each chart has 9 parts. You do NOT have enough time to write about each one.
  2. The charts compare changes over time (1960-2011), so write about the significant changes (and similarities!)
  3. Make sure your details are comparing information. If you just list the data, you will not get a good mark. READ the instructions!
  4. Your structure should include (i) an introduction (ii) an overview (iii) 1-2 body paragraphs with a clear topic (e.g. one paragraph for “differences” and one for “similarities”)

 

T1 Pie Charts - Waste Disposal

STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are included in bold. Linking vocabulary is included italics.

Step 1 – Introduction

The charts give information about different types of waste disposed of in one country in 1960 and 2011.

[Paraphrase] “The charts provide data relating to different methods of waste disposal in a particular country in 1960 and 2011.

TIPS – (i) Common phrases like “give information” should always be replaced with a synonym (ii) If you can’t think of a synonym (sometimes there is not a good one), then change the grammatical structure. In the above example, “waste disposed” has been changed to “waste disposal”.

T1 Pie Charts - Waste Disposal

Step 2 – Overview

Your overview needs to tell the reader the key points from the chart(s). When there are many parts (this one has 9) it can be difficult to clearly report the necessary information. Therefore, let’s write out the data in a list and look for interesting information (big ones, small ones, similarities, and differences)

Paper (1960) 25% (2011) 15%

Green Waste 9% –> 9%

Metal 8% –> 9%

Glass 5% –> 5%

Plastic 8% –> 18%

Wood 4% –> 8%

Food 12% –> 21%

Textiles 17% –> 11%

Other 12% –> 4%

Now we can see that over the period, people disposed of less paper, textiles, and other waste, while they disposed of more plastic, wood, and food. Of course, the other categories remained the same (or almost the same). Now, we can write the overview

SAMPLE – Over the period, the amount of paper, food and other waste that was disposed of fell noticeably. On the other hand, people got rid of a larger percentage of plastic, wood, and food. Finally, disposal of other items remained roughly constant.

T1 Pie Charts - Waste Disposal

Now, use the data to make your overview clear to the reader. Make sure you use comparative language.

SAMPLE – [Body paragraph 1 – Less] “In 1960, paper made up one quarter of total waste disposal, but by 2011, this had fallen to slightly less than one-sixth. Moreover, the percentage of textiles also experienced a considerable drop, decreasing from 17% to 11%. Lastly, the proportion of textiles discarded in 2011 was three times lower (4%) than it was in 1960 (12%).

In contrast, the percentage of food discarded in 2011 (21%) was substantially higher than the figure of 12% in 1960, while the figure for wood was twice as high, at 8% compared to 4%. Another notable increase was in the percentage of plastic thrown away, which by 2011 (18%) was more than double the 1960 figure (8%).

NOTE – So far, this report is around 170 words. If you have time, you can write about the ones that did not change in a quick paragraph like below.

Last but not least, the disposal of green waste, metal, and glass stayed mostly unchanged, with proportions of approximately 9% for the first two and 5% for the latter.

T1 Pie Charts - Waste Disposal

FULL ANSWER

The charts provide data relating to different methods of waste disposal in a particular country in 1960 and 2011.

Over the period, the amount of paper, food and other waste that was disposed of fell noticeably. On the other hand, people got rid of a larger percentage of plastic, wood, and food. Finally, disposal of other items remained roughly constant.

In 1960, paper made up one quarter of total waste disposal, but by 2011, this had fallen to slightly less than one-sixth. Moreover, the percentage of textiles also experienced a considerable drop, decreasing from 17% to 11%. Lastly, the proportion of textiles discarded in 2011 was three times lower (4%) than it was in 1960 (12%).

In contrast, the percentage of food discarded in 2011 (21%) was substantially higher than the figure of 12% in 1960, while the figure for wood was twice as high, at 8% compared to 4%. Another notable increase was in the percentage of plastic thrown away, which by 2011 (18%) was more than double the 1960 figure (8%). (173 words)

Last but not least, the disposal of green waste, metal, and glass stayed mostly unchanged, with proportions of approximately 9% for the first two and 5% for the latter.” (202 words)

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RELATED POSTS AND USEFUL EXTRA MATERIALS

Band 9 Reports: Pie Charts Pt.1 – Different Diets

Band 9 Reports: Pie Charts – Energy Production

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Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Colours

THINGS TO REMEMBER

Speaking Part 1 is a casual conversation

DON’T use academic vocabulary

DON’T speak too formally

TRY to speak for 3 sentences (but NOT longer)

Colours

NOTE – Synonyms and advanced vocabulary are in bold. Linking vocabulary is in italics.

QUESTION 1 – What is your favourite colour?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Um, I don’t know if I have a favourite colour. I guess I like natural colours, like brown and green. I don’t like things that are too bright.”

TIPS – (1) There is no “correct” answer. You just need to show that you can speak casually about some common topics. If you don’t have an answer, then that’s what you should say (with reasons!) (2) Try to give specific examples for general statements. For example, say what you mean by “natural colours”.

Colours 1

QUESTION 2 – Are there any colours you don’t like?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Like I said before, I don’t really like bright colours. I’m kind of an introverted person, so bright colours give me a headache. I especially don’t like pink and yellow”

TIPS – (1) If you repeat an idea from a previous answer, then link your speaking with a phrase like, “Like I said before” or “As I mentioned earlier” (2) Use casual language like “kind of” to make your speaking sound more natural.

Colours 2

QUESTION 3 – What colours are popular in your country?

SAMPLE ANSWER – “Red is a meaningful colour in my country. It’s a symbol of luck. You can see a lot of it at special occasions, like weddings.”

SAMPLE ANSWER 2 – “Hmmm, I don’t know if there are any colours that are particularly popular. I think it depends on each person’s personality. Some people like bright colours, while others prefer dark ones.

TIP – You can say anything as long as you answer the question and are clear.

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USEFUL RELATED POSTS AND LINKS

Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Bags

Band 9 Speaking: Part 1 – Gifts

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